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Supreme Court of Florida.


No. SC17-985

Decided: January 26, 2018

Neal Dupree, Capital Collateral Regional Counsel, Scott Gavin, and Suzanne Myers Keffer, Assistant Capital Collateral Regional Counsel, Southern Region, Fort Lauderdale, Florida, for Appellant Pamela Jo Bondi, Attorney General, and Christina Z. Pacheco, Assistant Attorney General, Tampa, Florida, for Appellee

We have for review Charles William Finney's appeal of the circuit court's order denying Finney's motion filed pursuant to Florida Rule of Criminal Procedure 3.851. This Court has jurisdiction. See art. V, § 3(b)(1), Fla. Const.

Finney's motion sought relief pursuant to the United States Supreme Court's decision in Hurst v. Florida, 136 S. Ct. 616 (2016), and our decision on remand in Hurst v. State (Hurst), 202 So. 3d 40 (Fla. 2016), cert. denied, 137 S. Ct. 2161 (2017). This Court stayed Finney's appeal pending the disposition of Hitchcock v. State, 226 So. 3d 216 (Fla. 2017), cert. denied, 138 S. Ct. 513 (2017). After this Court decided Hitchcock, Finney responded to this Court's order to show cause arguing why Hitchcock should not be dispositive in this case.

After reviewing Finney's response to the order to show cause, as well as the State's arguments in reply, we conclude that Finney is not entitled to relief. Finney was sentenced to death following a jury's recommendation for death by a vote of nine to three. Finney v. State, 660 So. 2d 674, 679 (Fla. 1995). Finney's sentence of death became final in 1996. Finney v. Florida, 516 U.S. 1096 (1996). Thus, Hurst does not apply retroactively to Finney's sentence of death. See Hitchcock, 226 So. 3d at 217. Accordingly, we affirm the denial of Finney's motion.

The Court having carefully considered all arguments raised by Finney, we caution that any rehearing motion containing reargument will be stricken. It is so ordered.

I concur in result because I recognize that this Court's opinion in Hitchcock v. State, 226 So. 3d 216 (Fla. 2017), cert. denied, 138 S. Ct. 513 (2017), is now final. However, I continue to adhere to the views expressed in my dissenting opinion in Hitchcock.


LABARGA, C.J., and POLSTON, and LAWSON, JJ., concur. PARIENTE, J., concurs in result with an opinion. LEWIS and CANADY, JJ., concur in result. QUINCE, J., recused.

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