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Andres RIGUEIRO a/k/a Andres Rigueiro Munoz, Petitioner, v. STATE of Florida, Respondent.

No. 4D08-1073.

Decided: April 22, 2009

Ronald S. Guralnick, P.A., Miami, for petitioner. Bill McCollum, Attorney General, Tallahassee, and August A. Bonavita, Assistant Attorney General, West Palm Beach, for respondent.

The defendant petitions this court for a writ of habeas corpus, pursuant to Florida Rule of Appellate Procedure 9.140, alleging ineffective assistance of appellate counsel. For the reasons that follow, we deny the petition.

The defendant was convicted of four counts of sexual battery on a victim over 12 years of age and sentenced to 40 years in prison. He was represented by defense counsel on appeal. We affirmed without opinion on February 1, 2006, and issued our mandate on February 17, 2006. Two days prior to the issuance of our mandate, the defendant handed his pro se motion for rehearing and rehearing en banc to the correctional institution for mailing. We received the pro se motion on February 21, 2006, and denied the motion on March 21, 2006.1

On March 13, 2008, defense counsel filed a rule 3.850 motion in the trial court. One day later, he filed the current petition. Both were filed over two years after the issuance of the mandate, but within two years of this Court's denial of the defendant's motion for rehearing on direct appeal.

The trial court denied the rule 3.850 motion as untimely and we affirmed. Rigueiro v. State, 919 So.2d 688 (Fla. 4th DCA 2006).

In its response to the petition in this court, the State argued that the petition was untimely filed. In his reply, the defendant cites Robbins v. State, 992 So.2d 878 (Fla. 5th DCA 2008), which appears to reach a different conclusion under similar circumstances. There the court concluded it should have recalled its mandate before ruling on a prisoner's motion for rehearing that had been timely delivered to prison officials before the mandate was issued. Id. at 879-80. However, the Robbins opinion does not address the well-established principle that pro se filings are a “nullity” when filed by a party that is represented by counsel.2 Logan v. State, 846 So.2d 472, 475-76 (Fla.2003) (a pro se filing by a party represented by counsel “cannot be entertained on the merits” unless it is adopted by counsel.).

We agree that, generally, a court should recall its mandate when it receives a timely filed motion for rehearing. However, that procedure is not applicable here, where the defendant's pro se motion had “no legal force or effect” because he was represented by counsel. State v. Craven, 955 So.2d 1182, 1183 (Fla. 4th DCA 2007). Because the two-year time limit ran from the issuance of the mandate rather than the denial of the defendant's pro se motion for rehearing, his petition must be dismissed as untimely.

Petition denied.


GROSS, C.J., and CIKLIN, JJ., concur.

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