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Appellate Court of Connecticut.


(AC 38887)

Decided: February 20, 2018

Sheldon, Elgo and Stevens, Js. Benjamin M. Alaimo, self-represented, the appellant (plaintiff). John M. Wyzik, for the appellee (defendant).


In this action for damages based on breach of contract, the plaintiff, Benjamin M. Alaimo, appeals, following a bench trial, from the judgment rendered in favor of the defendant, Matthew J. Alaimo. The plaintiff claims that the trial court erred in finding against him on the complaint and in favor of the defendant on his special defenses premised on the statute of limitations and the statute of frauds. We affirm the judgment of the trial court.

This action was instituted in small claims court by the plaintiff and was removed to the regular docket of the Superior Court by the defendant. The plaintiff's complaint claimed that the defendant owed him $5000 plus costs as reimbursement for “fifty percent of Angeline Alaimo's mortgage payoff of $11,047.62.” After a bench trial on December 15, 2015, and January 22, 2016, the court issued an oral decision in favor of the defendant and against the plaintiff. The court found that the plaintiff “failed to prove his claim by a fair preponderance of the evidence.” The court also ruled in favor of the defendant on two of his special defenses, finding that the plaintiff's claims were barred by the statute of frauds and the statute of limitations.

On appeal, the plaintiff claims that the court erred because he proved that the defendant breached a contract involving the defendant's purchase of certain prop-erty from the plaintiff, causing the plaintiff to suffer a $30,000 loss. According to the plaintiff, this contract was in writing, satisfying the statute of frauds under General Statutes § 52-550. The plaintiff also argues that the small claims complaint was brought within six years of the breach of contract, satisfying the statute of limitations governing actions for breach of written contracts. See General Statutes § 52-576.

The plaintiff's arguments present two problems. First, the plaintiff's arguments appear to be based on allegations and claims beyond those of the small claims complaint that was the subject of the trial proceedings. “It is fundamental in our law that the right of a plaintiff to recover is limited to the allegations of his complaint. ․ A plaintiff may not allege one cause of action and recover upon another.” (Citation omitted.) Malone v. Steinberg, 138 Conn. 718, 721, 89 A.2d 213 (1952); see also Michalski v. Hinz, 100 Conn. App. 389, 393, 918 A.2d 964 (2007). Second, even if the plaintiff had raised these claims in his complaint, the court did not file a written memorandum of decision explaining its ruling. It also did not prepare and sign a transcript of an oral ruling. The plaintiff did not file a notice pursuant to Practice Book § 64-1 with the appellate clerk's office, nor did he file a motion asking the court to articulate the factual and legal basis for its ruling. See Practice Book § 66-5. “It is axiomatic that the appellant must provide this court with an adequate record for review. See Practice Book § 61-10.” Narumanchi v. DeStefano, 89 Conn. App. 807, 815, 875 A.2d 71 (2005). Although the record before us includes excerpts from the trial transcript, we cannot readily identify any portion that encompasses the court's factual findings necessary for the resolution of the plaintiff's claims. Under these cir-cumstances, we conclude that the record is inadequate to review the plaintiff's claims of error. See Michaels v. Michaels, 163 Conn. App. 837, 845, 136 A.3d 1282 (2016); Murcia v. Geyer, 151 Conn. App. 227, 230, 93 A.3d 1189, cert. denied, 314 Conn. 917, 100 A.3d 406 (2014).

The judgment is affirmed.


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