Benjamin K. TOSCANO, Plaintiff-Appellant, v. Nancy ADAM; et al. Defendants-Appellees,
Decided: July 21, 2020
Before: CANBY, FRIEDLAND, and R. NELSON, Circuit Judges.
Benjamin K. Toscano, Pro Se Amy Lo, Deputy Attorney General, AGCA - Office of the California Attorney General, San Francisco, CA, for Defendants-Appellees
California state prisoner Benjamin K. Toscano appeals pro se from the district court's summary judgment in his 42 U.S.C. § 1983 action alleging deliberate indifference to his serious medical needs. We have jurisdiction under 28 U.S.C. § 1291. We review de novo, Toguchi v. Chung, 391 F.3d 1051, 1056 (9th Cir. 2004), and we affirm.
The district court properly granted summary judgment because Toscano failed to raise a genuine dispute of material fact as to whether Lenoir was deliberately indifferent to Toscano's chronic back problems and pain. See id. at 1057-60 (deliberate indifference is a “high legal standard” that requires a defendant is aware of and disregards an excessive risk to an inmate's health; medical malpractice, negligence, or a difference of opinion concerning the course of treatment does not amount to deliberate indifference).
The district court did not err in declining to address Toscano's retaliation claim because it was raised for the first time in his opposition to summary judgment. See Coleman v. Quaker Oats Co., 232 F.3d 1271, 1292 (9th Cir. 2000) (holding that allowing the plaintiffs to proceed with a new theory of liability at summary judgment after the close of discovery would prejudice the defendants).
The district court properly dismissed Toscano's claims against defendants Strawn, McCabe, McClean, McConnell, and Lewis in the operative second amended complaint because Toscano failed to allege facts sufficient to state a plausible claim. See Wilhelm v. Rotman, 680 F.3d 1113, 1118 (9th Cir. 2012) (reviewing de novo a district court's dismissal for failure to state a claim under 28 U.S.C. § 1915A); Hebbe v. Pliler, 627 F.3d 338, 341-42 (9th Cir. 2010) (although pro se pleadings are construed liberally, plaintiff must present factual allegations sufficient to state a plausible claim for relief); Toguchi, 391 F.3d at 1057-60 (deliberate indifference standard).
Toscano's request for mediation (Docket Entry No. 23) is denied.
Was this helpful?
Response sent, thank you
Welcome to FindLaw's Cases & Codes
A free source of state and federal court opinions, state laws, and the United States Code. For more information about the legal concepts addressed by these cases and statutes visit FindLaw's Learn About the Law.