Supreme Court, Appellate Division, Second Department, New York.
FORESTAL CONDOMINIUM, appellant, v. Albert DAVYDOV, respondent.
Decided: January 24, 2018
JOHN M. LEVENTHAL, J.P., LEONARD B. AUSTIN, JOSEPH J. MALTESE, ANGELA G. IANNACCI, JJ.
Andrew F. Troia, Esq., P.C., New York, N.Y. (Denise May of counsel), for appellant. John Burnett, Rockaway Park, NY, for respondent.
DECISION & ORDER
In an action, inter alia, for declaratory and injunctive relief, the plaintiff appeals from so much of an order of the Supreme Court, Queens County (Butler, J.), entered December 1, 2016, as denied its motion for summary judgment on the complaint.
ORDERED that the order is affirmed insofar as appealed from, with costs.
The plaintiff, the owner of a condominium building located in Forest Hills, commenced this action against the defendant, an owner of one of the units in the building (hereinafter the subject apartment), for a judgment declaring that the defendant violated the plaintiff's by-laws by performing alterations to the subject apartment without the plaintiff's permission, to enjoin the defendant from conducting any further construction on the subject apartment in violation of the by-laws, and for costs and attorneys' fees incurred in commencing this action.
The plaintiff moved for summary judgment on the complaint, and the defendant cross-moved for summary judgment dismissing the complaint. The Supreme Court denied the motion and the cross motion. The plaintiff appeals from so much of the order as denied its motion.
“Condominium ownership is a hybrid form of real property ownership, created by statute” (Board of Mgrs. of Vil. View Condominium v. Forman, 78 A.D.3d 627, 629, 911 N.Y.S.2d 378; see Real Property Law art 9–B; Caprer v. Nussbaum, 36 A.D.3d 176, 183, 825 N.Y.S.2d 55). The administration of the condominium's affairs is governed principally by its by-laws, “which are, in essence, an agreement among all of the individual unit owners as to the manner in which the condominium will operate, and which set forth the respective rights and obligations of unit owners, both with respect to their own units and the condominium's common elements” (Schoninger v. Yardarm Beach Homeowners' Assn., 134 A.D.2d 1, 6, 523 N.Y.S.2d 523; see Real Property Law § 339–v; Board of Mgrs. of Vil. View Condominium v. Forman, 78 A.D.3d at 629, 911 N.Y.S.2d 378; Murphy v. State of New York, 14 A.D.3d 127, 133, 787 N.Y.S.2d 120).
Here, the plaintiff failed to establish its prima facie entitlement to judgment as a matter of law (see Village at Corbin Hill Condominium II v. Ungaro, 74 A.D.3d 958, 903 N.Y.S.2d 744; Board of Mgrs. of Stewart Place Condominium v. Bragato, 15 A.D.3d 601, 602, 789 N.Y.S.2d 907). While article VI, section 12, of the plaintiff's by-laws specified that a unit owner could not make any structural addition, alteration, or improvement to his or her unit without the prior written consent of the plaintiff's board of managers, it also provided that the plaintiff's board of managers had 30 days to answer any written request after receipt of such request, and that the failure to respond within that time frame would constitute consent to the proposed addition, alteration, or improvement. The plaintiff's submissions failed to eliminate all triable issues of fact as to what requests the defendant made of the plaintiff, and what responses, if any, were provided by the plaintiff (see Winegrad v. New York Univ. Med. Ctr., 64 N.Y.2d 851, 853, 487 N.Y.S.2d 316, 476 N.E.2d 642).
Since the plaintiff failed to meet its prima facie burden, it is unnecessary to determine whether the papers submitted by the defendant in opposition were sufficient to raise a triable issue of fact (see id. at 853, 487 N.Y.S.2d 316, 476 N.E.2d 642).
Accordingly, the Supreme Court properly denied the plaintiff's motion for summary judgment on the complaint.
LEVENTHAL, J.P., AUSTIN, MALTESE and IANNACCI, JJ., concur.
Was this helpful?
Response sent, thank you
Welcome to FindLaw's Cases & Codes
A free source of state and federal court opinions, state laws, and the United States Code. For more information about the legal concepts addressed by these cases and statutes visit FindLaw's Learn About the Law.