Skip to main content


Supreme Court, Appellate Division, Fourth Department, New York.

Megan E. SCHRAGEL, Plaintiff–Appellant, v. Stephen JUSZCZYK, Defendant–Respondent, et al., Defendant.

Decided: September 28, 2007

PRESENT:  SCUDDER, P.J., HURLBUTT, GORSKI, CENTRA, AND GREEN, JJ. Law Offices of Richard S. Binko, Cheektowaga (Richard S. Binko of Counsel), for Plaintiff–Appellant. Kenney Shelton Liptak Nowak LLP, Buffalo (Nelson E. Schule, Jr., of Counsel), for Defendant–Respondent.

 Plaintiff commenced this action seeking compensatory and punitive damages for injuries she sustained when the motor vehicle she was operating was struck by a vehicle operated by Stephen Juszczyk (defendant) and owned by defendant GMAC Leasing Corporation.  We agree with plaintiff that Supreme Court erred in granting the motion of defendant to dismiss plaintiff's claim for punitive damages against him.  We conclude on the record before us that plaintiff raised “a triable issue of fact whether defendant's conduct was ‘so reckless or wantonly negligent as to be the equivalent of a conscious disregard of the rights of others' ” (Arumugam v. Smith, 277 A.D.2d 979, 716 N.Y.S.2d 518).  Although the fact that defendant pleaded guilty to driving while intoxicated (Vehicle and Traffic Law § 1192[3] ) “is insufficient by itself to justify the imposition of punitive damages” (Boykin v. Mora, 274 A.D.2d 441, 442, 711 N.Y.S.2d 904;  see Parkhill v. Cleary, 305 A.D.2d 1088, 1090, 759 N.Y.S.2d 262;  Taylor v. Dyer, 190 A.D.2d 902, 903, 593 N.Y.S.2d 122;  Sweeney v. McCormick, 159 A.D.2d 832, 834, 552 N.Y.S.2d 707), in this case plaintiff raised an issue of fact whether defendant engaged in the requisite wanton and reckless conduct in addition to intoxication to warrant the imposition of punitive damages (see e.g. Parkhill, 305 A.D.2d at 1090, 759 N.Y.S.2d 262;  Letterman v. Reddington, 278 A.D.2d 868, 718 N.Y.S.2d 503;  Arumugam, 277 A.D.2d 979, 716 N.Y.S.2d 518;  Silvin v. Karwoski, 242 A.D.2d 945, 662 N.Y.S.2d 656).  Plaintiff established that the breathalyzer test administered by the police indicated that defendant had a blood alcohol content of .26%.  Moreover, although defendant testified at his deposition that he had refused to participate in field sobriety tests because he knew that he would fail them, plaintiff submitted police reports establishing that defendant in fact participated in several field tests and failed each one.  Defendant further testified at his deposition that, in the three to four hours prior to the accident, he consumed four 22–ounce beers and four or five shots containing tequila, that he could not recall the speed at which he was traveling when he exited the parking lot of the shopping plaza where he had consumed the alcohol, and that he could not recall whether he stopped at the stop sign posted at the parking lot exit or whether he had seen plaintiff's vehicle at any time before the accident.  Thus, “taking into account the nature of [defendant's] conduct and the level of his intoxication” (Sweeney, 159 A.D.2d at 834, 552 N.Y.S.2d 707), including defendant's “ ‘heedlessness and ․ utter disregard’ for the ‘rights and safety of others' ” (id.), we conclude on the record before us that plaintiff raised an issue of fact whether an award of punitive damages is warranted.

It is hereby ORDERED that the order so appealed from be and the same hereby is unanimously reversed on the law without costs, the motion is denied and the claim for punitive damages against defendant Stephen Juszczyk is reinstated.


Was this helpful?

Thank you. Your response has been sent.

Welcome to FindLaw's Cases & Codes

A free source of state and federal court opinions, state laws, and the United States Code. For more information about the legal concepts addressed by these cases and statutes visit FindLaw's Learn About the Law.

Go to Learn About the Law

Decided: September 28, 2007

Court: Supreme Court, Appellate Division, Fourth Department, New York.

Get a profile on the #1 online legal directory

Harness the power of our directory with your own profile. Select the button below to sign up.

Sign up

Learn About the Law

Get help with your legal needs

FindLaw’s Learn About the Law features thousands of informational articles to help you understand your options. And if you’re ready to hire an attorney, find one in your area who can help.

Learn more about the law
Copied to clipboard