PEOPLE v. LUNA

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Court of Appeal, Fourth District, Division 2, California.

PEOPLE of the State of California, Plaintiff and Respondent, v. Augustine R. LUNA, Defendant and Appellant.

Cr. 12893.

Decided: April 12, 1982

Quin Denvir, State Public Defender, and Cynthia Choy Ong, Deputy State Public Defender, for defendant and appellant. George Deukmejian, Atty. Gen., and Robert B. Shaw, Deputy Atty. Gen., for plaintiff and respondent.

OPINION

On February 12, 1981, defendant was arrested for burglary.   At that time he had been a parole absconder since September 10, 1980.   On February 13, 1981, a parole hold was placed on him.   This parole hold contained charges of five violations, only one of which was the burglary.   The others were (1) failure to keep his parole agent notified of his whereabouts, (2) failure to comply with monthly narcotic testing, (3) refusing to correctly identify himself to a police officer and (4) having access to a loaded revolver.   He now wants credit under Penal Code section 2900.5 for time in custody prior to sentencing.   No way.

Whatever one may think of the rationale of People v. Penner, 111 Cal.App.3d 168, 168 Cal.Rptr. 431 and the majority opinion in People v. Simpson, 120 Cal.App.3d 772, 174 Cal.Rptr. 790, both of which cases allow presentence credit when the parole revocation is based on the newly charged crime, this case is factually distinguishable.   It is not controlled by those cases.

 Here the defendant was not only on parole at the time of arrest, he was a parole absconder.   The revocation of parole was not “attributable to the proceedings related to the same conduct for which the defendant had been convicted.”  (Pen.Code § 2900.5.)   As the trial court properly noted, the defendant had been violated for five reasons, only one of which was the instant burglary charge.   Even had the defendant not committed this offense, he was subject to parole revocation.   Thus, he had no “liberty” interest which was being protected while he was in custody.   He is not entitled to presentence credit.

Judgment affirmed.

FOOTNOTES

FOOTNOTE.  

GARDNER, Associate Justice.* FN* Retired Presiding Justice of the Court of Appeal assigned by the Chairperson of the Judicial Council.

KAUFMAN, Acting P. J., and McDANIEL, J., concur.

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