GENERAL ACCIDENT GROUP, Petitioner, v. WORKERS' COMPENSATION APPEALS BOARD of the State of California, Gerry W. Lucas, Respondents.
Petitioner General Accident Group (General) seeks review of a decision of respondent Workers' Compensation Appeals Board (WCAB) wherein a ten percent penalty pursuant to Labor Code section 58141 for the delay in payment of attorneys' fees, was fixed at ten percent of the permanent disability award. For reasons more fully set forth in our decision in State Compensation Insurance Fund v. Workers' Comp. Appeals Bd. (La Favor), —-Cal.App.3d —-, 557 Cal.Rptr. 172, filed concurrently herewith, we annul the WCAB's decision with directions to calculate the penalty as ten percent of the attorneys' fees only.
Respondent Gerry W. Lucas (hereinafter “applicant”) sustained an admitted industrial injury to his back, neck and arms. The workers' compensation insurance carrier for applicant's employer is General. The WCAB award to applicant consisted of several elements, to wit: (1) temporary disability indemnity payable for the period September 1, 1977, through June 13, 1978; (2) permanent disability indemnity of 301/2 percent; (3) further medical treatment; (4) payment for transportation expenses incurred by applicant in attending a medical evaluation; and (5) payment of the lien for medical legal costs incurred by applicant to prove his claim. General was directed to withhold $1200 from the award for payment of attorneys' fees. (Lab.Code, s 4903, subd. (a).) The award did not specify which of these various elements comprising the award was to be used for such purpose.
General made timely payment of the award except for the transportation expenses and the attorneys' fees. General does not dispute that the delay was unreasonable and supports the imposition of a ten percent penalty pursuant to Labor Code section 5814.
The workers' compensation judge increased the amount of transportation expenses and the attorneys' fees by ten percent. Thus, with regard to the attorneys' fees the judge assessed a penalty of $120. Upon applicant's petition for reconsideration, the WCAB increased the penalty to ten percent of the entire permanent disability indemnity award on the basis that the attorneys' fees were originally allowed against permanent disability indemnity. By this method of calculation, the penalty was determined to be $952.88.
In Gallamore v. Workers' Comp. Appeals Bd. (1979) 23 Cal.3d 815, at 827, 153 Cal.Rptr. 590, 591 P.2d 1242, the court held that under Labor Code section 5814, “the penalty is to be computed by assessing 10 percent of the entire amount ultimately awarded for the particular class of benefit which has been unreasonably delayed or withheld.” (Emphasis added.)
In our opinion concurrently filed herein, State Compensation Insurance Fund v. Workers' Comp. Appeals Bd., (La Favor) supra, we held that for purposes of the penalty provision of Labor Code section 5814, attorneys' fees are a separate “class benefit” and accordingly the penalty is to be calculated as ten percent of the attorneys' fees rather than ten percent of the award out of which the attorneys' fees were ordered paid. The facts of the present matter dramatically demonstrate the validity of that approach.
Here, the WCAB applied the penalty to the entire permanent disability indemnity award allegedly on the basis that that was the benefit from which the attorneys' fees were to be paid. The original award, however, did not so specify. Instead, the attorneys' fees were a general assessment on the entire award. If we were to accept the WCAB's underlying analysis, the penalty would apply to all classes of benefits contained in the award.
The vice of the WCAB's approach is clear. By making the attorneys' fees a general assessment against all the classes of benefits contained in an award, rather than an assessment against a particular class of benefit, such as permanent disability, the Supreme Court's decision in Gallamore v. Workers' Comp. Appeals Bd., supra, limiting the penalty to the class of benefit delayed, would be emasculated and the WCAB could control the amount of the penalty by selecting which benefit it desired to use as the basic figure.
As we pointed out in La Favor, attorneys' fees pursuant to Labor Code section 4903, subdivision (a), are a lien not just on permanent disability indemnity but on “any sum to be paid as compensation”, which includes all classes of benefits awarded to the injured worker under Division 4 of the Labor Code. (Lab.Code, s 3207.)
Since the WCAB has the power to determine the “compensation” out of which the attorneys' fees are to be paid, there is a great potential for abuse of the Gallamore rule that “In penalty cases the board should proceed with a view toward achieving a fair balance between the right of the employee to prompt payment of compensation benefits, and the avoidance of imposition upon the employer or carrier of harsh and unreasonable penalties.” (Id., at p. 828, 153 Cal.Rptr. 590, 591 P.2d 1242.)
Accordingly, the penalty of $120, or ten percent of the previously awarded attorneys' fees of $1200, as calculated by the workers' compensation judge, was correct. The WCAB's present penalty computation is annulled. The cause is remanded to the WCAB with directions to award a penalty of ten percent of the attorneys' fees or a penalty of $120.
1. Labor Code section 5814 provides:“When payment of compensation has been unreasonably delayed or refused, either prior to or subsequent to the issuance of an award, the full amount of the order, decision or award shall be increased by 10 percent. The question of delay and the reasonableness of the cause therefor shall be determined by the appeals board in accordance with the facts. Such delay or refusal shall constitute good cause under Section 5803 to rescind, alter or amend the order, decision or award for the purpose of making the increase provided for herein.”
COMPTON, Associate Justice.
ROTH, P. J., and FLEMING, J., concur.