Lawrence J. MASON, Plaintiff, Cross-Defendant and Respondent, v. Charles Amos DAY, Defendant, Cross-Complaint and Appellant, Pacific Greyhound Lines, Inc., a corporation Cross-Defendant.
The appeal in this action is from an order that is not appealable.
Plaintiff Mason sued defendant Day for damages resulting from a collision between a Greyhound bus driven by Mason and an automobile driven by Day. Thereafter, Day filed two separate pleadings on the same day, one an answer and the other a cross-complaint against Mason and Pacific Greyhound Lines, Inc. The cross-complaint was served upon Mason, but not upon Pacific Greyhound, which has never appeared in the action. Subsequently, Mason moved to strike the cross-complaint, and that motion was granted. The appeal is from that order.
Since Pacific Greyhound has not been served, and has not appeared, the order can have validity only as between the parties who were before the court—namely, plaintiff and cross-defendant Mason, and defendant and cross-complaint Day. This being the situation, the order striking the cross-complaint is not appealable. No such order is listed in Code of Civil Procedure, section 963, and it cannot be treated as a final judgment because it did not dispose of the litigation between those parties. Yandell v. City of Los Angeles, 214 Cal. 234, 4 P.2d 947; Merchants' Nat. Bank of Los Angeles v. Clark-Parker Co., 97 Cal.App. 757, 276 P. 387; Sjoberg v. Hastorf, 33 Cal.2d 116, 199 P.2d 668.
Appellant argues that the order did finally dispose of the litigation as between Day and Pacific Greyhound, and is therefore appealable, under the rule in Howe v. Key System Transit Co., 198 Cal. 525, 246 P. 39; County of Humboldt v. Kay, 57 Cal.App.2d 115, 134 P.2d 501, and People v. Oken, 159 Cal.App.2d 456, 324 P.2d 58. See also Trask v. Moore, 24 Cal.2d 365, 373, 149 P.2d 854; Halterman v. Pacific Gas & Electric Co., 22 Cal.App.2d 592, 71 P.2d 855. We are of the opinion that this line of cases is not controlling.
In point is Kennedy v. Owen, 85 Cal.App.2d 517, 193 P.2d 141. In that case there were originally three parties, the plaintiff and defendants Owen and Rheindorf. Defendant Owen cross-complaint against plaintiff and against Knapp and his wife, not theretofore parties. No process was served on either of the cross-defendants Knapp, and neither of them appeared. Plaintiff demurred to and moved to strike the cross-complaint. The demurrer was sustained and the motion granted. Defendant Owen appealed. The appeal was dismissed on the following grounds: (1) the order ‘was not a final adjudication as between plaintiff and defendant,’ and (2) ‘[o]bviously, none of the three orders adjudicated anything as between the cross complainant and the Knapps.’ 85 Cal.App.2d at pages 519, 520, 193 P.2d at page 143. The court followed the Yandell line of authorities, and distinguished the Howe line. The case is directly in point. It was cited and followed in Evans v. Dabney, 37 Cal.2d 758, 235 P.2d 604 and Miller v. Stein, 145 Cal.App.2d 381, 386, 302 P.2d 403.
BRAY, P. J., and TOBRINER, J., concur.