Margaret MANSFIELD and Clara Holecheck, Plaintiffs and Respondents, v. Roy C. KAISER and Geraldine C. Kaiser, his wife, Defendants and Appellants.
This is an appeal by defendants from a judgment in which they were enjoined from asserting any interest adverse to plaintiffs in certain real property in Kern County.
This is another chapter in litigation growing out of a contract entered into on August 20, 1948, by which J. W. Eddington (since deceased) agreed to sell, and Joseph Lees agreed to buy the land in question.1 In Kaiser v. Mansfield, reported in 160 Cal. App.2d 620, 325 P.2d 865, the court delineated the transactions and events on which the respective parties base their asserted rights.
On May 20, 1954, the Kaisers filed an action in the superior court of Kern County to quiet title to a portion of Section 29, Township 9 North, Range 12 West, S.B.B. & M., in Kern County. In that action Margaret Mansfield, plaintiff herein, filed an answer and cross-complaint; the other plaintiff herein, Clara Holecheck, filed a complaint in intervention. The final trial therein resulted in a judgment quieting the title of Mansfield and Holecheck to all of said section 29. In that judgment the Kaisers were ordered to execute and deliver to Mansfield and Holecheck all instruments necessary to fully vest in them title to said described property, and, in the event the Kaisers failed to execute said instruments, the clerk of the court was appointed as Commissioner to do so in the name and on behalf of the Kaisers. The judgment also provided that Mansfield deposit $2,831.52 with the clerk of the court for the use and benefit of the Kaisers. On appeal (160 Cal. App.2d 620, 325 P.2d 865), the judgment was modified by requiring Mansfield and Holecheck to deposit an additional $4,000 with the clerk for the use and benefit of the Kaisers. As so modified, the judgment was affirmed and has become final. (Hearing denied by the Supreme Court.) The above mentioned sums were deposited with the clerk for the use and benefit of the Kaisers. Upon the judgment becoming final, demand was made upon the Kaisers to execute and deliver to Mansfield and Holecheck an assignment of a certain agreement for sale of real property made and entered into on August 20, 1948, by and between J. W. Eddington, as seller, and Joseph Lees, as buyer, and which, assertedly, had been assigned to the Kaisers by mesne conveyances. This agreement provided for the sale of the real property here in dispute. The Kaisers failed and refused to execute and deliver to Mansfield and Holecheck an assignment of said agreement. Thereafter, the clerk of the superior court of Kern County, pursuant to the said quiet title judgment, made, executed and delivered to Mansfield and Holecheck a ‘conveyance and assignment’ of the aforesaid agreement for the sale of real property in the names and on behalf of the Kaisers.
In the meantime, Eddington died and his estate was probated in Los Angeles County. On August 1, 1958, the Kaisers filed a petition in the Eddington probate proceedings in which they requested an order directing conveyance of the real property herein in controversy to them as successors in interest of Joseph Lees, under and pursuant to the terms of the aforesaid agreement for the sale of real property, in which the decedent was the seller and Joseph Lees was the buyer. The petition was on the grounds that the Kaisers were the owners of said agreement. The agreement is the same one that had been assigned to Mansfield and Holecheck by the clerk as Commissioner undrer the aforesaid judgment. The probate court, in the Eddington Estate, made an order dismissing the petition of the Kaisers, without prejudice, however, to ‘their instituting an independent action * * * against such persons as they may be advised with respect to title, ownership and right to conveyance’ of such property. Because of the actions of the Kaisers in asserting a right to this real property adverse to the interests of Mansfield and Holecheck despite the aforesaid quiet title judgment, Mansfield and Holecheck brought this action for a permanent injunction against the Kaisers, who answered in due course and prayed that no injunction be granted.
Plaintiffs thereupon made a motion for a summary judgment. They set forth in an affidavit in support of their motion their title to said real property and the lack of any right of the Kaisers thereto. In support of their position, plaintiffs attached certified copies of all the documents to which we have referred. The affidavit states that irreparable injury will be done to plaintiffs unless defendants are enjoined and restrained from asserting any claim to the said property adverse to plaintiffs.
Defendant Roy C. Kaiser filed an affidavit in opposition to the motion for summary judgment. Defendants have summarized this affidavit in their brief. We have reproduced their summary in footnote 2.
Plaintiffs did not file any counter-affidavit.
Upon the record thus presented the court granted a summary judgment, enjoining defendants from asserting any claim to the said real property adverse to plaintiffs and from proceeding with their petition in the Eddington Estate. It is from this judgment that defendants have appealed.
‘Summary judgment for plaintiff is proper only if the affidavits in support of his motion state facts that if proved would be sufficient to sustain judgment in his favor, and defendant does not ‘by affidavit or affidavits * * * show such facts as may be deemed by the judge hearing the motion sufficient to present a triable issue of fact.’ Code Civ.Proc. § 437c.' Coyne v. Krempels, 36 Cal.2d 257, 261, 223 P.2d 244, 246; Desny v. Wilder, 46 Cal.2d 715, 725–726, 299 P.2d 257.
The defendants make no suggestion in their brief that the facts stated in the affidavit on behalf of plaintiffs are insufficient to sustain a judgment in their favor. The question then is: Does the affidavit on behalf of defendants present any facts which give rise to a triable issue? While defendants state in their brief that the affidavit of Roy C. Kaiser ‘raised many issues of fact and set forth triable issues of fact which were a good and meritorious defense to the plaintiff's action,’ they fail to point out a single such fact. Also, defendants state certain established principles in applying the summary judgment statute and cite a number of cases in that field, from some of which they quote, but they totally fail to show the application of these principles and authorities to the instant case.
Our examination of the Kaiser affidavit, together with the certified documents which are a part of the affidavit on behalf of plaintiffs, leads us to the conclusion that Kaiser's affidavit does not present any triable issue of fact. It does not put in issue the authenticity of the documents made a part of the affidavit on behalf of plaintiffs, nor does it state any facts which would justify vacating or setting aside the prior quiet title judgment. The matters set forth in the Kaiser affidavit were raised and litigated in the prior quiet title action (160 Cal.App.2d 620, 325 P.2d 865), or might have been there raised and litigated, or are wholly immaterial and insufficient to show that defendants have any interest in this property. They are thus faced with the insurmountable legal barrier of res judicata. The defendants are simply trying to relitigate the facts and issues that were determined adversely to them in the quiet title action (160 Cal.App. 2d 620, 325 P.2d 865).
Although the record is clear that as between the parties to this litigation the plaintiffs are the owners of the real property in question and that the defendants have no ownership of, or interest in, said property, the defendants nevertheless are continuing to assert claims thereto and relitigate the same. Such continued litigation is certainly ill advised and approaches the point of being vexatious. Injunctive relief is a proper remedy to terminate expensive and unmeritorious litigation with respect to the ownership of property by one who has been decreed to be the owner thereof. Such relief is incident to a decree quieting title. The rule is stated in Taylor v. Hawley, 6 Cal. App.2d 576, 580, 45 P.2d 226, 228, as follows: ‘Injunctive relief incident to a decree quieting title is an ancient remedy growing out of what has been termed the ‘bill of peace in a court of chancery.’ It is a proper inherent remedy to terminate expensive and troublesome interference with the ownership and right of possession of property by one who has been regularly determined by a court of equity to be entitled thereto. Our statute authorizes the issuing of an injunction ‘to prevent a multiplicity of judicial proceedings.’ Section 526, subd. 6, Code Civ. Proc.' In accord are Brewer v. King, 139 Cal.App.2d 33, 40, 293 P.2d 126, and Wolf v. Gall, 174 Cal. 140, 144, 162 P. 115.
In view of the decree in Kaiser v. Mansfield, 160 Cal.App.2d 620, 325 P.2d 865, quieting title in these plaintiffs it is clear that they are entitled to the injunctive relief here granted.
The judgment is affirmed.
1. Prior phases of this litigation are reported in Kaiser v. Mansfield, 141 Cal. App.2d 428, 297 P.2d 98; Id., 160 Cal. App.2d 620, 325 P.2d 865.
FOX, Presiding Justice.