SHAHEN v. SUPERIOR COURT OF SAN BERNARDINO COUNTY ET AL

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District Court of Appeal, Fourth District, California.

SHAHEN v. SUPERIOR COURT OF SAN BERNARDINO COUNTY ET AL.

Civ. 2811.

Decided: July 21, 1941

John A. Hadaller, of San Bernardino, for petitioner. Guthrie & Curtis and Donald W. Jordan, all of San Bernardino, for respondents.

Petitioner seeks a peremptory writ of mandate commanding the respondent court to increase the bond required of plaintiffs in the case of Weadon v. Shahen, in the Superior Court of San Bernardino County, wherein plaintiffs sought to restrain the sale of certain real property under execution issued on a judgment in another case. The trial judge fixed the bond on the temporary injunction at $500. Petitioner's judgment, with interest, exceeds $2,000, and the property which he sought to sell under execution has a value of at least $4,600. Petitioner maintains that the lien of his judgment on the property will expire on September 17, 1941. He maintains that it was a breach of discretion on the part of the respondent judge to fix the bond on the temporary injunction at an amount less than the amount of his judgment.

The undertaking in question was given under the provisions of section 529 of the Code of Civil Procedure. This section is found in Part II, Title VII. Chapter Three of that Code. Title VII treats with “Provisional Remedies in Civil Actions”, and a bond is ordinarily required only on the issuance of a temporary injunction. Lambert v. Haskell, 80 Cal. 611, 22 P. 327. A temporary injunction has served its purpose when, after a trial on the merits a permanent injunction is issued, upon the issuance of which no bond can be required in the ordinary case.

The case of Weadon v. Shahen was tried on its merits and a permanent injunction was issued enjoining petitioner from selling the real property under the execution. There is an appeal pending from that judgment.

The fact that the case was tried on its merits and a final judgment rendered under which petitioner is enjoined from proceeding with his execution sale disposes of the issues here presented.

In People's Ditch Co. v. Foothill Irr. Dist., 103 Cal.App. 321, 284 P. 514, 515, it was said: “It is well settled that an injunction pendente lite remains in force only until rendition of the final judgment in the case. When granted, it is a provisional remedy that is merged in a perpetual injunction, and thereupon the injunction pendente lite ceases to have any force or effect. Doudell v. Shoo, 159 Cal. 448, 114 P. 579; Webber v. Wilcox, 45 Cal. 301; Harris v. McGregor, 29 Cal. [124] 125. ‘An injunction by order is a provisional remedy, and temporary in its character. It assumes a pending litigation in which all questions are to be settled by a judgment, and operates only until the judgment is rendered. If by that a permanent injunction is granted the temporary one is of course ended, and equally so if a permanent injunction is * * * denied.’ Jackson v. Bunnell, 113 N.Y. [216] 220, 21 N.E. 79, 80.”

In the case of Sheward v. Citizens' Water Co., 90 Cal. 635, 27 P. 439, 440, a preliminary injunction was issued, the case was thereafter tried on its merits and a permanent injunction was issued. The defendant appealed from the order granting the temporary injunction, and from the final judgment. In dismissing the appeal from the order, the Supreme Court said: “Upon the entry of the final decree this provisional remedy was merged in the perpetual injunction thereby granted to the plaintiff, and ceased to have any operative effect upon the defendant. Its functions having thus terminated, there was thereafter no existing ‘order’ granting an injunction from which an appeal could be taken. Webber v. Wilcox, 45 Cal. 301; Lambert v. Haskell, 80 Cal. 611, 22 P. 327; Gardner v. Gardner, 87 N.Y. 14; Jackson v. Bunnell, 113 N.Y. [216] 220, 21 N.E. 79.”

It follows, that as the case has been tried on its merits and a permanent injunction has issued, there is no preliminary injunction upon which we may order any bond to be given. We cannot order any bond on the issuance of the permanent injunction after final judgment, under the facts before us.

However, petitioner may not be without a remedy. See Food & Grocery Bureau v. Garfield, 18 Cal.2d 174, 114 P.2d 579.

The alternative writ of mandate is discharged and the peremptory writ is denied.

MARKS, Justice.

We concur: BARNARD, P. J.; MUNDO, Justice pro tem.