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District Court of Appeal, Second District, Division 3, California.


Civ. 13282.

Decided: May 29, 1942

James R. Jaffray, of Los Angeles, for appellant. Robert N. Baker, of Santa Monica, and Gordon L. Howden, of Los Angeles, for respondent.

Plaintiff is a judgment debtor whose real property was sold to defendant under a judgment foreclosing a mortgage. He brought this action under section 707 of the Code of Civil Procedure, as a preliminary step to a redemption, to compel an accounting and disclosure of rents and profits alleged to have been received by defendant. Judgment was given for plaintiff, from which defendant appeals.

The trial court made findings which state the facts upon which plaintiff's right to redeem depends, including plaintiff's demand on defendant for a statement of rents and profits and defendant's failure to furnish it, and also find that during the period for redemption defendant made a contract to sell the property to persons, some of whom were in possession as plaintiff's tenants at the time of sale, and received installment payments, the amounts of which are not set forth, under said contract, but do not state that any rents and profits were received by defendant. In its conclusions of law the court directed the appointment of a referee to take an accounting from defendant. The judgment appealed from is entitled “Interlocutory Judgment for Accounting,” decrees that plaintiff have leave to redeem, appoints a referee, directs him “to take from the defendant * * * an accounting of all sums received by her * * * from the use and occupation of the property,” and orders “that when such accounting is and has been rendered and received and settled that a final judgment be entered, fixing, in accordance with the findings and conclusions of law herein, the sum for which said property may be redeemed by plaintiff. * * *” It also decrees that all sums received by defendant under the contract above mentioned are for the use and occupation of the property.

We have come to the conclusion that this judgment is unquestionably what it purports to be, a mere interlocutory judgment, and is not appealable. In Pomper v. Superior Court, 1923, 191 Cal. 494, 496, 216 P. 577, where the question was whether a judgment was appealable, the court thus stated the rule: “The general rule is that where a decree is made fixing the liability and rights of the parties which refers the case to a master or subordinate tribunal for a judicial purpose, such, for instance, as the statement of an account, upon which a further decree is to be entered, the decree is not final [citing authorities].” This rule has been approved and followed in Gunder v. Gunder, 1929, 208 Cal. 559, 561, 282 P. 794; Middleton v. Finney, 1931, 214 Cal. 523, 526, 6 P.2d 938, 78 A.L.R. 1104; Hollar v. Saline Products, Inc., 1935, 3 Cal.2d 80, 81, 43 P.2d 273; and many other cases.

In Lyon v. Goss, 1942, 19 Cal.2d 659, 670, 123 P.2d 11, 17, the rule is again declared, in these words: “As a general test, which must be adapted to the particular circumstances of the individual case, it may be said that where no issue is left for future consideration except the fact of compliance or noncompliance with the terms of the first decree, that decree is final, but where anything further in the nature of judicial action on the part of the court is essential to a final determination of the rights of the parties, the decree is interlocutory.” Further judicial action is essential here to a final determination of the rights of the parties, and by either of these statements of the rule the judgment is interlocutory and not appealable. The appeal must therefore be dismissed.

This point has not been raised by the respondent, or discussed by the parties, but in case of an attempted appeal from a nonappealable order, it is the duty of this court on its own motion to dismiss the appeal. Collins v. Corse, 1936, 8 Cal.2d 123, 124, 64 P.2d 137; Johnson v. Solomons, 1932, 124 Cal.App. 43, 46, 12 P.2d 140.

The appeal is dismissed.

SHAW, Justice pro tem.

SCHAUER, P. J., and PARKER, WOOD, J., concurred.