Ellis GREEN, Plaintiff and Appellant, v. GTE CALIFORNIA, INC., etc., et al., Defendants and Respondents.
If this case is an example, the term “civil procedure” is an oxymoron.
Plaintiff's attorney appeals a discovery order that he pay $950 in sanctions. We echo the trial court's comment when he reviewed the facts that gave rise to this order: “Unbelievable.” What is believable, however, is that the order is not appealable. Nevertheless, we treat it as a writ petition. No court should have to review these facts again.
Plaintiff Green sued defendant GTE for wrongful termination. GTE noticed plaintiff's deposition. After several continuances, the deposition was set for the afternoon of June 23, 1993. Plaintiff's attorney apparently had difficulty in other cases with the same defense counsel who would be representing GTE at the deposition. He therefore wished to control what he believed to be “intimidation tactics” practiced by his opposing counsel in the past. He points out that these tactics included facial expressions and gestures, which would not appear in a transcript. Nor would they appear on defendant's reporter's video equipment.
Plaintiff's attorney therefore brought his own video camera for the purpose of taping defense counsel during the deposition. By this method he apparently hoped to inhibit defense counsel's “offending actions,” or at least record them.
Not surprisingly, defense counsel objected to being filmed. She told plaintiff's counsel that he had not given proper notice to use the video camera under Code of Civil Procedure 2025. Plaintiff's counsel then agreed not to tape defense counsel, unless he perceived her to be using “intimidation tactics.”
The deposition lasted only a few hours on the first day. At the beginning of the second day of deposition, defense counsel gave plaintiff counsel three options. He could put a lens cap on the camera, turn it away from her, or remove it. Both counsel then engaged in what we will euphemistically call a verbal altercation, so lacking in civility, that we decline to repeat it here. Defense counsel refused to continue with the deposition and announced she would seek a protective order.
Plaintiff's counsel then filed a motion to terminate plaintiff Green's deposition and to obtain sanctions against defense counsel. GTE filed its opposition to the motion and requested sanctions against Green and his counsel.
At the hearing on the motion, plaintiff's counsel made the remarkable statement that his motion was designed to move discovery along. This prompted the court to tell counsel of its reliance on a fundamental concept of justice. “You were wrong in the first instance and you are wrong now and what's worse, you know you are wrong.” The court was right.
We find no abuse of discretion and affirm the trial court's order.
We believe the order is not appealable. We agree with Ballard v. Taylor (1993) 20 Cal.App.4th 1736, 1738, 25 Cal.Rptr.2d 384, and that line of cases which hold that irrespective of the amount of the sanction, orders imposing monetary discovery sanctions are not appealable under subdivision (k) of Code of Civil Procedure section 904.1.
Nevertheless, we treat the attempted appeal as a writ petition. We hope to end this tasteless episode. (Olson v. Cory (1983) 35 Cal.3d 390, 401, 197 Cal.Rptr. 843, 673 P.2d 720; Barnes v. Molino (1980) 103 Cal.App.3d 46, 51, 162 Cal.Rptr. 786.)
SANCTIONS WERE JUSTIFIED
GTE makes a cogent point when it opines that plaintiff counsel's rationale for his conduct was that two wrongs make a right. Plaintiff's counsel's belief that his opposing counsel acted improperly in past cases cannot be a basis for relief here.
If plaintiff's counsel could have shown that in this case his opposing counsel acted improperly, an appropriate motion may have had the trial court's sympathetic ear. Who knows, plaintiff's counsel might have persuaded the judge to allow him to videotape opposing counsel.
But here, plaintiff's counsel's attempted novel use of the video camera ran afoul of the notice requirements of Code of Civil Procedure section 2025, subdivision (l )(1). He did not give the 3–day notice required by the statute. Putting aside the notice requirement, it is questionable whether the statute applies to video taping opposing counsel instead of the witness.
Cases like this one clutter our courts. As our colleagues in Lossing v. Superior Court (1989) 207 Cal.App.3d 635, 641, 255 Cal.Rptr. 18, remarked, “The legal profession has already suffered a loss of stature and of public respect․” Here the suffering continues. As in Lossing, “this litigation arose from a fit of pique between counsel․” (Ibid.) Both the legal profession and the courts would be better served if litigation arose from legitimate disputes between the litigants instead of from wasteful bickering between their attorneys.
We do not substitute our judgment for that of the trial court. Here there was no abuse of discretion. (Tenderloin Housing Clinic, Inc. v. Sparks (1992) 8 Cal.App.4th 299, 10 Cal.Rptr.2d 371.)
We hope this opinion obviates the need for the court to impose additional sanctions in the future in this case, or in any other case between counsel for that matter.
We deny the request to set aside the order for sanctions. Costs to defendant.
Whether attorney's fees are appropriate in responding to this appeal, we leave to the sound discretion of the trial court.
GILBERT, Associate Justice.
STEVEN J. STONE, P.J., and YEGAN, J., concur.