KAUFMAN BROAD COMMUNITIES INC v. PERFORMANCE PLASTERING INC

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Court of Appeal, Third District, California.

KAUFMAN & BROAD COMMUNITIES, INC., et al., Cross-Complainants and Respondents, v. PERFORMANCE PLASTERING, INC., Cross-Defendant and Appellant.

No. C049391.

Decided: August 30, 2005

Dee Anne Ware, Cooper White & Cooper LLP, Walnut Creek, CA, for Cross-Complainants and Respondents. George E. Murphy, Farmer Murphy Smith & Alliston, Melissa B. Aliotti, Read & Aliotti, Sacramento, CA, for Cross-Defendant and Appellant.

OPINION RULING ON MOTION FOR JUDICIAL NOTICE OF LEGISLATIVE HISTORY DOCUMENTS

Pursuant to rule 22(a) of the California Rules of Court, appellant Performance Plastering, Inc. has moved this court to take judicial notice of various documents that, in the view of appellant, constitute cognizable legislative history of a 1998 amendment to Revenue and Taxation Code section 19719 (Assembly Bill 1950 (AB 1950)).  (Stats.1998, ch. 856, § 2.)

I

Legislative History Generally

Before turning to the specifics of appellant's request for judicial notice, we have some general comments about requests for judicial notice of legislative history received by this court.

Many attorneys apparently believe that every scrap of paper that is generated in the legislative process constitutes the proper subject of judicial notice.   They are aided in this view by some professional legislative intent services.   Consequently, it is not uncommon for this court to receive motions for judicial notice of documents that are tendered to the court in a form resembling a telephone book.1  The various documents are not segregated and no attempt is made in a memorandum of points and authorities to justify each request for judicial notice.   This must stop.   And the purpose of this opinion is to help attorneys to better understand the role of legislative history and to encourage them to request judicial notice only of documents that constitute cognizable legislative history.

 Preliminarily, it is crucial to note that resort to legislative history is appropriate only where statutory language is ambiguous.   As the California Supreme Court has said, “Our role in construing a statute is to ascertain the Legislature's intent so as to effectuate the purpose of the law.  [Citation.]  In determining intent, we look first to the words of the statute, giving the language its usual, ordinary meaning.   If there is no ambiguity in the language, we presume the Legislature meant what it said, and the plain meaning of the statute governs.  [Citation.]”  (Hunt v. Superior Court (1999) 21 Cal.4th 984, 1000, 90 Cal.Rptr.2d 236, 987 P.2d 705, followed in Curle v. Superior Court (2001) 24 Cal.4th 1057, 1063, 103 Cal.Rptr.2d 751, 16 P.3d 166;  accord:  Hoechst Celanese Corp. v. Franchise Tax Bd. (2001) 25 Cal.4th 508, 519, 106 Cal.Rptr.2d 548, 22 P.3d 324.)   Thus, “[o]nly when the language of a statute is susceptible to more than one reasonable construction is it appropriate to turn to extrinsic aids, including the legislative history of the measure, to ascertain its meaning.”  (Diamond Multimedia Systems, Inc. v. Superior Court (1999) 19 Cal.4th 1036, 1055, 80 Cal.Rptr.2d 828, 968 P.2d 539, followed in People v. Farell (2002) 28 Cal.4th 381, 394, 121 Cal.Rptr.2d 603, 48 P.3d 1155;  accord:  Esberg v. Union Oil Co. (2002) 28 Cal.4th 262, 269, 121 Cal.Rptr.2d 203, 47 P.3d 1069;  Briggs v. Eden Council for Hope & Opportunity (1999) 19 Cal.4th 1106, 1119-1120, 81 Cal.Rptr.2d 471, 969 P.2d 564, and authorities cited therein;  Professional Engineers in Cal. Government v. State Personnel Bd. (2001) 90 Cal.App.4th 678, 688-689, 109 Cal.Rptr.2d 375, but see Kulshrestha v. First Union Commercial Corp. (2004) 33 Cal.4th 601, 613, fn. 7, 15 Cal.Rptr.3d 793, 93 P.3d 386.)

 Even where statutory language is ambiguous, and resort to legislative history is appropriate, as a general rule in order to be cognizable, legislative history must shed light on the collegial view of the Legislature as a whole.  (See California Teachers Assn. v. San Diego Community College Dist. (1981) 28 Cal.3d 692, 701, 170 Cal.Rptr. 817, 621 P.2d 856.)   Thus, to pick but one example, our Supreme Court has said, “We have frequently stated ․ that the statements of an individual legislator, including the author of a bill, are generally not considered in construing a statute, as the court's task is to ascertain the intent of the Legislature as a whole in adopting a piece of legislation.  [Citations.]”  (Quintano v. Mercury Casualty Co. (1995) 11 Cal.4th 1049, 1062, 48 Cal.Rptr.2d 1, 906 P.2d 1057.)

 In order to help this court determine what constitutes properly cognizable legislative history, and what does not, in the future motions for judicial notice of legislative history materials in this court should be in the following form: 2

1. The motion shall show why the legislative enactment at issue is ambiguous;

2. The motion shall identify each separate document for which judicial notice is sought as a separate exhibit;

3. The moving party shall submit a memorandum of points and authorities citing authority why each such exhibit constitutes cognizable legislative history.

To aid counsel in this respect, we shall now set forth a list of legislative history documents that have been recognized by the California Supreme Court or this court as constituting cognizable legislative history together with a second list of documents that do not constitute cognizable legislative history in this court.

DOCUMENTS CONSTITUTING COGNIZABLE LEGISLATIVE HISTORY IN THE COURT OF APPEAL FOR THE THIRD APPELLATE DISTRICT

A. Ballot Pamphlets:  Summaries and Arguments/Statement of Vote (Robert L. v. Superior Court (2003) 30 Cal.4th 894, 903, 135 Cal.Rptr.2d 30, 69 P.3d 951;  Jahr v. Casebeer (1999) 70 Cal.App.4th 1250, 1255-1256, 1259, 83 Cal.Rptr.2d 172;  Aguimatang v. California State Lottery (1991) 234 Cal.App.3d 769, 790-791, 286 Cal.Rptr. 57.)

B. Committee Files (James v. St. Elizabeth Community Hospital (1994) 30 Cal.App.4th 73, 81, 35 Cal.Rptr.2d 372;  People v. Shegog (1986) 184 Cal.App.3d 899, 904, fn. 3, 229 Cal.Rptr. 345.)

C. Conference Committee Reports (Crowl v. Commission on Professional Competence (1990) 225 Cal.App.3d 334, 347, 275 Cal.Rptr. 86.)

D. Different Versions of the Bill (Quintano v. Mercury Casualty Co., supra, 11 Cal.4th at p. 1062, fn. 5, 48 Cal.Rptr.2d 1, 906 P.2d 1057;  People v. Watie (2002) 100 Cal.App.4th 866, 884, 124 Cal.Rptr.2d 258;  San Rafael Elementary School Dist. v. State Bd. of Education (1999) 73 Cal.App.4th 1018, 1025, fn. 8, 87 Cal.Rptr.2d 67;  People v. Patterson (1999) 72 Cal.App.4th 438, 442-443, 84 Cal.Rptr.2d 870.)

E. Floor Statements (Dowhal v. SmithKline Beecham Consumer Healthcare (2004) 32 Cal.4th 910, 926, fn. 6, 12 Cal.Rptr.3d 262, 88 P.3d 1;  People v. Drennan (2000) 84 Cal.App.4th 1349, 1357-1358, 101 Cal.Rptr.2d 584;  In re Marriage of Siller (1986) 187 Cal.App.3d 36, 46, fn. 6, 231 Cal.Rptr. 757.)

F. House Journals and Final Histories (People v. Patterson, supra, 72 Cal.App.4th at pp. 442-443, 84 Cal.Rptr.2d 870 [procedural history of bill from Assembly final history];  Joyce G. v. Superior Court (1995) 38 Cal.App.4th 1501, 1509, 45 Cal.Rptr.2d 805;  Natural Resources Defense Council v. Fish & Game Com. (1994) 28 Cal.App.4th 1104, 1117, 33 Cal.Rptr.2d 904, fn.   11 [House Conference Report];  Rosenthal v. Hansen (1973) 34 Cal.App.3d 754, 760, 110 Cal.Rptr. 257 [appendix to Journal of the Assembly];  Rollins v. State of California (1971) 14 Cal.App.3d 160, 165, fn. 8, 92 Cal.Rptr. 251 [appendix to Journal of the Senate].)

G. Reports of the Legislative Analyst (Heavenly Valley v. El Dorado County Bd. of Equalization (2000) 84 Cal.App.4th 1323, 1339-1340, 101 Cal.Rptr.2d 591;  People v. Patterson, supra, 72 Cal.App.4th at p. 443, 84 Cal.Rptr.2d 870;  Board of Administration v. Wilson (1997) 52 Cal.App.4th 1109, 1133, 61 Cal.Rptr.2d 207;  Aguimatang v. California State Lottery, supra, 234 Cal.App.3d at p. 788, 286 Cal.Rptr. 57;  People v. Gulbrandsen (1989) 209 Cal.App.3d 1547, 1562, 258 Cal.Rptr. 75.)

H. Legislative Committee Reports and Analyses (including statements pertaining to bill's purpose) (Hutnick v. United States Fidelity & Guaranty Co. (1988) 47 Cal.3d 456, 465, fn. 7, 253 Cal.Rptr. 236, 763 P.2d 1326.)

Assembly Committee on Criminal Law and Public Safety (People v. Baniqued (2000) 85 Cal.App.4th 13, 27, fn. 13, 101 Cal.Rptr.2d 835.)

Assembly Committee on Finance, Insurance and Commerce (Martin v. Wells Fargo Bank (2001) 91 Cal.App.4th 489, 496, 110 Cal.Rptr.2d 653.)

Assembly Committee on Governmental Organization (Aguimatang v. California State Lottery, supra, 234 Cal.App.3d at p. 788, 286 Cal.Rptr. 57.)

Assembly Committee on Health (Kaiser Foundation Health Plan, Inc. v. Zingale (2002) 99 Cal.App.4th 1018, 1025, 121 Cal.Rptr.2d 741;  Khajavi v. Feather River Anesthesia Medical Group (2000) 84 Cal.App.4th 32, 50, 100 Cal.Rptr.2d 627;  Zabetian v. Medical Board (2000) 80 Cal.App.4th 462, 468, 94 Cal.Rptr.2d 917;  Clemente v. Amundson (1998) 60 Cal.App.4th 1094, 1106, 70 Cal.Rptr.2d 645.)

Assembly Committee on Human Services (Golden Day Schools, Inc. v. Department of Education (1999) 69 Cal.App.4th 681, 692, 81 Cal.Rptr.2d 758.)

Assembly Committee on Insurance (Santangelo v. Allstate Ins. Co. (1998) 65 Cal.App.4th 804, 814, fn. 8, 76 Cal.Rptr.2d 735.)

Assembly Committee on Judiciary (Guillemin v. Stein (2002) 104 Cal.App.4th 156, 166, 128 Cal.Rptr.2d 65;  Calfarm Ins. Co. v. Wolf (2001) 86 Cal.App.4th 811, 816, fn. 8, 820, 103 Cal.Rptr.2d 584, fns. 27-28;  In re Marriage of Perry (1998) 61 Cal.App.4th 295, 309, fn. 3, 71 Cal.Rptr.2d 499;  Peltier v. McCloud River R.R. Co. (1995) 34 Cal.App.4th 1809, 1819, fn. 5, 41 Cal.Rptr.2d 182.)

Assembly Committee on Labor, Employment and Consumer Affairs (Jensen v. BMW of North America, Inc. (1995) 35 Cal.App.4th 112, 138, 41 Cal.Rptr.2d 295.)

Assembly Committee on Public Employees and Retirement (Board of Administration v. Wilson, supra, 52 Cal.App.4th at p. 1133, 61 Cal.Rptr.2d 207.)

Assembly Committee on Public Safety (People v. Blue Chevrolet Astro (2000) 83 Cal.App.4th 322, 329, 99 Cal.Rptr.2d 609;  People v. Johnson (2000) 77 Cal.App.4th 410, 419, 91 Cal.Rptr.2d 596;  People v. Sewell (2000) 80 Cal.App.4th 690, 695, 95 Cal.Rptr.2d 600;  People v. Patterson, supra, 72 Cal.App.4th at pp. 442-443, 84 Cal.Rptr.2d 870;  Sommerfield v. Helmick (1997) 57 Cal.App.4th 315, 319, 67 Cal.Rptr.2d 51;  Ream v. Superior Court (1996) 48 Cal.App.4th 1812, 1819, fn. 5, 1820-1821, 56 Cal.Rptr.2d 550 [interim hearing report and analysis of assembly bill];  People v. Frye (1994) 21 Cal.App.4th 1483, 1486, 27 Cal.Rptr.2d 52.)

Assembly Committee on Retirement (Praiser v. Biggs Unified School Dist. (2001) 87 Cal.App.4th 398, 407, fn. 16, 104 Cal.Rptr.2d 551.)

Assembly Committee on Revenue and Tax (Sunrise Retirement Villa v. Dear (1997) 58 Cal.App.4th 948, 959, 68 Cal.Rptr.2d 416.)

Assembly Committee on Water, Parks and Wildlife (Natural Resources Defense Council v. Fish & Game Com., supra, 28 Cal.App.4th at p. 1118, 33 Cal.Rptr.2d 904 [bill analysis work sheet].)

Assembly Committee on Ways and Means (People v. Patterson, supra, 72 Cal.App.4th at pp. 442-443, 84 Cal.Rptr.2d 870;  Clemente v. Amundson, supra, 60 Cal.App.4th at p. 1106, 70 Cal.Rptr.2d 645.)

Assembly Interim Committee on Municipal and County Government (Board of Trustees v. Leach (1968) 258 Cal.App.2d 281, 286, 65 Cal.Rptr. 588.)

Assembly Office of Research (Forty-Niner Truck Plaza, Inc. v. Union Oil Co. (1997) 58 Cal.App.4th 1261, 1273, 68 Cal.Rptr.2d 532).

Assembly Staff Analysis (Clemente v. Amundson, supra, 60 Cal.App.4th at p. 1107, 70 Cal.Rptr.2d 645).

Assembly Subcommittee on Health, Education and Welfare Services (A.H. Robins Co. v. Department of Health (1976) 59 Cal.App.3d 903, 908-909, 130 Cal.Rptr. 901.)

Senate Committee on Appropriations Fiscal Summary of Bill (People v. Patterson, supra, 72 Cal.App.4th at p. 443, 84 Cal.Rptr.2d 870.)

Senate Committee on Business and Professions (Hassan v. Mercy American River Hospital (2003) 31 Cal.4th 709, 722, 3 Cal.Rptr.3d 623, 74 P.3d 726 [Senate committee staff analysis];  Khajavi v. Feather River Anesthesia Medical Group, supra, 84 Cal.App.4th at p. 50, 100 Cal.Rptr.2d 627;  Forty-Niner Truck Plaza, Inc. v. Union Oil Co., supra, 58 Cal.App.4th at p. 1273, 68 Cal.Rptr.2d 532 [bill analysis work sheet].)

Senate Committee on Criminal Procedure (People v. Blue Chevrolet Astro, supra, 83 Cal.App.4th at p. 329, 99 Cal.Rptr.2d 609.)

Senate Committee on Education (Praiser v. Biggs Unified School Dist., supra, 87 Cal.App.4th at p. 407, fn. 15, 104 Cal.Rptr.2d 551;  Golden Day Schools, Inc. v. Department of Education, supra, 69 Cal.App.4th at p. 692, 81 Cal.Rptr.2d 758.)

Senate Committee on Health and Human Services (In re Raymond E. (2002) 97 Cal.App.4th 613, 617, 118 Cal.Rptr.2d 376.)

Senate Committee on Health and Welfare (Zabetian v. Medical Board, supra, 80 Cal.App.4th at p. 468, 94 Cal.Rptr.2d 917;  Clemente v. Amundson, supra, 60 Cal.App.4th at p. 1105, 70 Cal.Rptr.2d 645 [request for approval of Senate bill].)

Senate Committee on Judiciary (Martin v. Szeto (2004) 32 Cal.4th 445, 450, 9 Cal.Rptr.3d 687, 84 P.3d 374 [background information];  Boehm & Associates v. Workers' Comp. Appeals Bd. (2003) 108 Cal.App.4th 137, 146, 133 Cal.Rptr.2d 396;  Westly v. U.S. Bancorp (2003) 114 Cal.App.4th 577, 583, 7 Cal.Rptr.3d 838;  Wood v. County of San Joaquin (2003) 111 Cal.App.4th 960, 970, 4 Cal.Rptr.3d 340;  People v. Robinson (2002) 104 Cal.App.4th 902, 905, 128 Cal.Rptr.2d 619;  Guillemin v. Stein, supra, 104 Cal.App.4th at p. 167, 128 Cal.Rptr.2d 65;  In re Michael D. (2002) 100 Cal.App.4th 115, 122-123, 121 Cal.Rptr.2d 909;  In re Raymond E., supra, 97 Cal.App.4th at p. 617, 118 Cal.Rptr.2d 376;  People v. Patterson, supra, 72 Cal.App.4th at p. 443, 84 Cal.Rptr.2d 870;  In re Marriage of Perry, supra, 61 Cal.App.4th at p. 309, fn. 3, 71 Cal.Rptr.2d 499.)

Senate Committee on Revenue and Taxation (Heavenly Valley v. El Dorado County Bd. of Equalization, supra, 84 Cal.App.4th at p. 1340, 101 Cal.Rptr.2d 591;  Sacramento County Fire Protection Dist. v. Sacramento County Assessment Appeals Bd. (1999) 75 Cal.App.4th 327, 335, 89 Cal.Rptr.2d 215;  Sunrise Retirement Villa v. Dear, supra, 58 Cal.App.4th at p. 959, 68 Cal.Rptr.2d 416.)

Senate Rules Committee (Guillemin v. Stein, supra, 104 Cal.App.4th at p. 166, 128 Cal.Rptr.2d 65.)

Senate Conference Committee (Golden Day Schools, Inc. v. Department of Education, supra, 69 Cal.App.4th at p. 692, 81 Cal.Rptr.2d 758.)

Senate Interim Committee on Fish and Game (California Trout, Inc. v. State Water Resources Control Bd. (1989) 207 Cal.App.3d 585, 597, 255 Cal.Rptr. 184.)

Senate Subcommittee on Mental Health (Clemente v. Amundson, supra, 60 Cal.App.4th at p. 1104, fn. 10, 70 Cal.Rptr.2d 645.)

I. Legislative Counsel's Digest (Pacific Gas & Electric Co. v. Department of Water Resources (2003) 112 Cal.App.4th 477, 482-483, 5 Cal.Rptr.3d 283;  People v. Allen (2001) 88 Cal.App.4th 986, 995, 106 Cal.Rptr.2d 253;  Heavenly Valley v. El Dorado County Bd. of Equalization, supra, 84 Cal.App.4th at p. 1339, 101 Cal.Rptr.2d 591;  People v. Harper (2000) 82 Cal.App.4th 1413, 1418, 98 Cal.Rptr.2d 894;  Alt v. Superior Court (1999) 74 Cal.App.4th 950, 959, fn. 4, 88 Cal.Rptr.2d 530;  Construction Industry Force Account Council v. Amador Water Agency (1999) 71 Cal.App.4th 810, 813, 84 Cal.Rptr.2d 139;  People v. Prothero (1997) 57 Cal.App.4th 126, 133, fn. 7, 66 Cal.Rptr.2d 779;  Peltier v. McCloud River R.R. Co., supra, 34 Cal.App.4th at p. 1819, fn. 5, 41 Cal.Rptr.2d 182.)

J. Legislative Counsel's Opinions/Supplementary Reports (Trinkle v. California State Lottery (2003) 105 Cal.App.4th 1401, 1410, fn. 7, 129 Cal.Rptr.2d 904;  Trinkle v. Stroh (1997) 60 Cal.App.4th 771, 778, fn. 4, 70 Cal.Rptr.2d 661;  People v. $31,500 United States Currency (1995) 32 Cal.App.4th 1442, 1460-1461, 38 Cal.Rptr.2d 836.)

K. Legislative Party Floor Commentaries

Senate Republican Floor Commentaries (Pacific Gas & Electric Co. v. Department of Water Resources, supra, 112 Cal.App.4th at p. 498, 5 Cal.Rptr.3d 283.)

L. Official Commission Reports and Comments

California Constitution Revision Commission (Katzberg v. Regents of University of California (2002) 29 Cal.4th 300, 319, fn. 18, 127 Cal.Rptr.2d 482, 58 P.3d 339 [proposed revision].)

California State Government Organization and Economy Commission (Department of Personnel Administration v. Superior Court (1992) 5 Cal.App.4th 155, 183, 6 Cal.Rptr.2d 714.)

Law Revision Commission (Estate of Dye (2001) 92 Cal.App.4th 966, 985, 112 Cal.Rptr.2d 362;  Estate of Della Sala (1999) 73 Cal.App.4th 463, 469, 86 Cal.Rptr.2d 569;  Estate of Reeves (1991) 233 Cal.App.3d 651, 656, 284 Cal.Rptr. 650;  In re Marriage of Schenck (1991) 228 Cal.App.3d 1474, 1480, fn. 2, 279 Cal.Rptr. 651).

M. Predecessor Bills (City of Richmond v. Commission on State Mandates (1998) 64 Cal.App.4th 1190, 1199, 75 Cal.Rptr.2d 754.)

N. Statements by Sponsors, Proponents and Opponents

Assembly Bill Digest by Assembly Speaker (People v. Drennan, supra, 84 Cal.App.4th at p. 1357, 101 Cal.Rptr.2d 584.)

Floor Statement by Sponsoring Legislator (In re Marriage of Siller, supra, 187 Cal.App.3d at p. 46, fn. 6, 231 Cal.Rptr. 757.)

O. Transcripts of Committee Hearings (Lantzy v. Centex Homes (2003) 31 Cal.4th 363, 376, 2 Cal.Rptr.3d 655, 73 P.3d 517;  Hoechst Celanese Corp. v. Franchise Tax Bd. (2001) 25 Cal.4th 508, 519, fn. 5, 106 Cal.Rptr.2d 548, 22 P.3d 324.)

P. Analyses by Legislative Party Caucuses (e.g. Senate Democratic and Republican) (People v. Allen, supra, 88 Cal.App.4th at p. 995, fn. 16, 106 Cal.Rptr.2d 253;  Golden Day Schools, Inc. v. Department of Education, supra, 69 Cal.App.4th at p. 691-692, 81 Cal.Rptr.2d 758;  Forty-Niner Truck Plaza, Inc. v. Union Oil Co., supra, 58 Cal.App.4th at p. 1273, 68 Cal.Rptr.2d 532.)

Assembly Office of Research Report (Crowl v. Commission on Professional Competence, supra, 225 Cal.App.3d at pp. 346-347, 275 Cal.Rptr. 86 [staff report].)

Assembly Committee on Judiciary (Wood v. County of San Joaquin, supra, 111 Cal.App.4th at p. 969, 4 Cal.Rptr.3d 340;  Rieger v. Arnold (2002) 104 Cal.App.4th 451, 463, 128 Cal.Rptr.2d 295;  Guillemin v. Stein, supra, 104 Cal.App.4th at p. 167, 128 Cal.Rptr.2d 65.)

Office of Assembly Floor Analyses (People v. Patterson, supra, 72 Cal.App.4th at p. 443, 84 Cal.Rptr.2d 870.)

Office of Senate Floor Analyses (Pacific Gas & Electric Co. v. Department of Water Resources, supra, 112 Cal.App.4th at p. 497, 5 Cal.Rptr.3d 283;  People v. Robinson, supra, 104 Cal.App.4th at p. 905, 128 Cal.Rptr.2d 619;  In re Raymond E., supra, 97 Cal.App.4th at pp. 616-617, 118 Cal.Rptr.2d 376;  Khajavi v. Feather River Anesthesia Medical Group, supra, 84 Cal.App.4th at p. 50, 100 Cal.Rptr.2d 627;  People v. Chavez (1996) 44 Cal.App.4th 1144, 1155-1156, 52 Cal.Rptr.2d 347.)

DOCUMENTS NOT CONSTITUTING LEGISLATIVE HISTORY IN THE COURT OF APPEAL FOR THE THIRD APPELLATE DISTRICT

A. Authoring Legislator's Files, Letters, Press Releases and Statements Not Communicated to the Legislature as a Whole

Files (People v. Patterson, supra, 72 Cal.App.4th at p. 444, 84 Cal.Rptr.2d 870.)

General (People v. Garcia (2002) 28 Cal.4th 1166, 1176, fn. 5, 124 Cal.Rptr.2d 464, 52 P.3d 648.)

Letters from Bill's Author to Governor Without An Indication the Author's Views Were Made Known to the Legislature as a Whole (Heavenly Valley v. El Dorado County Bd. of Equalization, supra, 84 Cal.App.4th at p. 1340-1341, 101 Cal.Rptr.2d 591;  People v. Patterson, supra, 72 Cal.App.4th at pp. 443-444, 84 Cal.Rptr.2d 870.)

Statements By Bill's Author About Bill's Intended Purpose (People v. Patterson, supra, 72 Cal.App.4th at p. 443, 84 Cal.Rptr.2d 870.)

B. Documents with Unknown Author and Purpose (State Compensation Ins. Fund v. Workers' Comp. Appeals Bd. (1985) 40 Cal.3d 5, 10, fn. 3, 219 Cal.Rptr. 13, 706 P.2d 1146.)

C. Enrolled Bill Reports Prepared by Executive Branch for Governor (Hutnick v. United States Fidelity & Guaranty Co., supra, 47 Cal.3d at p. 465, fn. 7, 253 Cal.Rptr. 236, 763 P.2d 1326;  People v. Patterson, supra, 72 Cal.App.4th at p. 444, 84 Cal.Rptr.2d 870.)

D. Handwritten Document Copies, without Author, Contained in Assemblymember's Files (Amwest Surety Ins. Co. v. Wilson (1995) 11 Cal.4th 1243, 1263, fn. 13, 48 Cal.Rptr.2d 12, 906 P.2d 1112.)

E. Letter from Consultant to the State Bar Taxation Section to Governor (Heavenly Valley v. El Dorado County Bd. of Equalization, supra, 84 Cal.App.4th at pp. 1340-1341, 101 Cal.Rptr.2d 591.)

F. Letter from the Family Law Section of the State Bar of California to Assemblymember or Senator (In re Marriage of Pendleton & Fireman (2000) 24 Cal.4th 39, 47, 99 Cal.Rptr.2d 278, 5 P.3d 839.)

G. Letters to Governor Urging Signing of Bill (California Teachers Assn. v. San Diego Community College Dist., supra, 28 Cal.3d at p. 701, 170 Cal.Rptr. 817, 621 P.2d 856;  Heavenly Valley v. El Dorado County Bd. of Equalization, supra, 84 Cal.App.4th at p. 1327, fn. 2, 101 Cal.Rptr.2d 591.)

H. Letters to Particular Legislators, Including Bill's Author (Quintano v. Mercury Casualty Co., supra, 11 Cal.4th at p. 1062, fn. 5, 48 Cal.Rptr.2d 1, 906 P.2d 1057;  Heavenly Valley v. El Dorado County Bd. of Equalization, supra, 84 Cal.App.4th at p. 1327, fn. 2, 101 Cal.Rptr.2d 591.)

I. Magazine Articles (Cortez v. Purolator Air Filtration Products Co. (2000) 23 Cal.4th 163, 168, 96 Cal.Rptr.2d 518, 999 P.2d 706.)

J. Memorandum from a Deputy District Attorney to Proponents of Assembly Bill (People v. Garcia, supra, 28 Cal.4th at p. 1176, fn. 5, 124 Cal.Rptr.2d 464, 52 P.3d 648.)

K. Proposed Assembly Bill Which Was Withdrawn by Author (Heavenly Valley v. El Dorado County Bd. of Equalization, supra, 84 Cal.App.4th at p. 1342, 101 Cal.Rptr.2d 591.)

L. State Bar's View of the Meaning of Proposed Legislation (Peltier v. McCloud River R.R. Co., supra, 34 Cal.App.4th at p. 1820, 41 Cal.Rptr.2d 182.)

M. Subjective Intent Reflected by Statements of Interested Parties and Individual Legislators, Including Bill's Author, Not Communicated to Legislature as a Whole (Quintano v. Mercury Casualty Co., supra, 11 Cal.4th at p. 1062, 48 Cal.Rptr.2d 1, 906 P.2d 1057;  Collins v. Department of Transportation (2003) 114 Cal.App.4th 859, 870, fn. 11, 8 Cal.Rptr.3d 132.)

N. Views of Individual Legislators, Staffers, and Other Interested Persons

Document Related to Bill from File of Assembly Committee on Ways and Means

Material on Bill from File of Assembly Committee on Public Safety

Material on Bill from File of Assembly Republican Caucus

Material on Bill from File of Author

Material on Bill from File of Office of Senate Floor Analyses

Material on Bill from File of Senate Committee on Appropriations

Material on Bill from File of Senate Committee on the Judiciary

Postenrollment Documents Regarding Bill

Third Reading Analysis of Bill Prepared by Office of Senate Floor Analyses (People v. Patterson, supra, 72 Cal.App.4th at pp. 442-443, 84 Cal.Rptr.2d 870.)

II

Appellant's Specific Requests

 We now turn to the documents for which judicial notice is sought.   Appellant has persuaded us that Revenue and Taxation Code section 19719 is sufficiently ambiguous to justify a resort to its legislative history.

A. The first document is entitled “AB 1950 (Torlakson) Construction Defect Litigation Reform [¶] Fact Sheet.”   Nothing in appellant's motion suggests this document was made available to the Legislature as a whole.   Rather, it appears to reflect the personal view of Assemblymember Tom Torlakson.   It does not constitute cognizable legislative history, and the request for judicial notice of this document is denied.  (See Quintano v. Mercury Casualty Co., supra, 11 Cal.4th at p. 1062, 48 Cal.Rptr.2d 1, 906 P.2d 1057;  People v. Patterson, supra, 72 Cal.App.4th at p. 444, 84 Cal.Rptr.2d 870.)

 B. Next is the Assembly Judiciary Committee Report dated April 21, 1998, pertaining to AB 1950.   The request for judicial notice is granted with respect to this document.  (Guillemin v. Stein, supra, 104 Cal.App.4th at p. 166, 128 Cal.Rptr.2d 65, and authorities cited at pp. 365-66 of this opinion, ante.)

 C. Next is the Senate Judiciary Committee Report pertaining to AB 1950.   The request for judicial notice is granted with respect to this document.  (Martin v. Szeto, supra, 32 Cal.4th at p. 450, 9 Cal.Rptr.3d 687, 84 P.3d 374, and authorities cited at pp. 366-67 of this opinion, ante.)

 D. Next, and finally, are three enrolled bill reports on AB 1950, prepared respectively by the Office of Insurance Advisor, the Department of Real Estate, and the Franchise Tax Board.   The request for judicial notice of these enrolled bill reports is denied.  (Hutnick v. United States Fidelity & Guaranty Co., supra, 47 Cal.3d at p. 465, fn. 7, 253 Cal.Rptr. 236, 763 P.2d 1326;  People v. Patterson, supra, 72 Cal.App.4th at p. 444, 84 Cal.Rptr.2d 870.)

FOOTNOTES

1.   Appellant's motion was not one of these;  rather, each document was separately tabbed.

2.   The correct way to request judicial notice of a document is by motion.  (Cal. Rules of Court, rule 22(a).)

SIMS, J.

SCOTLAND, P.J., and DAVIS, J., concur.