TEXAS v. LOUISIANA

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United States Supreme Court

TEXAS v. LOUISIANA, (1976)

No. 36

Argued:     Decided: June 14, 1976

Opinion reported: 426 U.S. 465 .

DECREE

For the purpose of giving effect to the opinion of this Court announced on June 14, 1976, 426 U.S. 465 :

IT IS ORDERED, ADJUDGED AND DECREED AS FOLLOWS:

1. That the extension of the boundary southerly from the point where the line forming the boundary between Texas and Louisiana southerly from the Arkansas boundary, intersects the geographical middle of the Sabine River (Latitude 31ø59' 56.225"; North, Longitude 94ø02'33.105" West, said point being taken from the United States Geological Survey Quadrangle Center, Tex.-La. 1958 Edition) to the mid-point between the gulfward extension of the Sabine Pass jetties Latitude 29ø38'37.329" North, Longitude 93ø49'30.940" West hereby is established.

Said boundary commences at Latitude 31ø59'56.225" North and Longitude 94ø02'33.105" West, thence proceeding in a southerly direction along the Sabine River using the federal line as shown for the boundary on the United States Geological Survey Quadrangle Center, Tex.-La., 1958 Edition (photorevised 1969) and signed by Hatley N. Harrison, Jr., for Louisiana on February 20, 1974, and by H. H. Forbes, Jr., for Texas on February 20, 1974, which is in evidence in this case as Texas Exhibit AAA-1.

Thence, on the United States Geological Survey Quadrangle Logansport, La.-Tex. Edition of 1956 (photorevised 1969) and signed by Hatley N. Harrison, Jr., for Louisiana on February 20, 1974, and Herman H. Forbes, Jr. for Texas on February 20, 1974, which is in evidence in this case as Texas Exhibit AAA-2, using the federal line as shown along the [431 U.S. 161, 162]   Sabine River as the boundary except for the alignments shown in red. These red alignments denote where the boundary follows old oxbows that formerly were the Sabine River and are located in the vicinity of:

    LATITUDE NORTH LONGITUDE WEST

    31ø54'36" 93ø55'51" 31ø53'45" 93ø55'54" 31ø53'34" 93ø54'02" 31ø50'20" 93ø52'38" 31ø49'22" 93ø52'09" 31ø47'27" 93ø50'05" 31ø47'04" 93ø50'05" 31ø46'16" 93ø49'30"

Thence, on the United States Geological Survey Quadrangle Patroon, Tex.-La., Edition of 1956 (photorevised 1969) and signed by Hatley N. Harrison, Jr., for Louisiana on February 20, 1974, and by Herman H. Forbes, Jr. for Texas on February 20, 1974, which is in evidence in this case as Texas Exhibit AAA-3, using the federal line as shown along the Sabine River as the boundary except for the former alignments shown in red. These are located in the vicinity of:

    LATITUDE NORTH LONGITUDE WEST

    31ø42'06" 93ø48'50" 31ø41'12" 93ø48'37" 31ø36'52" 93ø49'33" 31ø31'44" 93ø45'19"

Thence, on the United States Geological Survey Quadrangle Zwolle, La.-Tex., Edition of 1957 (photorevised 1969) and signed by Hatley N. Harrison, Jr., for Louisiana on February 20, 1974, and by Herman H. Forbes, Jr., for Texas on February 20, 1974, which is in evidence in this case as Texas Exhibit AAA-4, using the federal line as shown along the Sabine River as the boundary except for the former alignment shown in red. It is located in the vicinity of Latitude 31ø31'50" North and Longitude 93ø45'00" West.

Thence, on the United States Geological Survey Quadrangle [431 U.S. 161, 163]   Negreet, La.-Tex., Edition of 1954 (photorevised 1969) and signed by Hatley N. Harrison, Jr. for Louisiana, on February 20, 1974 and by Herman H. Forbes, Jr. for Texas on February 20, 1974, which is in evidence in this case as Texas Exhibit AAA-5, using the federal line as shown along the Sabine River as the boundary.

Thence, on the United States Geological Survey Quadrangle Weirgate, Tex.-La., Edition of 1954 (photorevised 1969) and signed by Hatley N. Harrison, Jr. for Louisiana on March 29, 1974, and by Herman H. Forbes, Jr. for Texas on April 5, 1974, which is in evidence in this case as Texas Exhibit AAA-6, using the federal line as shown along the Sabine River as the boundary except for the former alignments shown in red. These are located in the vicinity of:

    LATITUDE NORTH LONGITUDE WEST

    31ø11'12" 93ø33'10" 31ø04'16" 93ø32'03" 31ø00'14" 93ø34'10"

Thence, on the United States Geological Survey Quadrangle Merryville, Tex.-La., Edition of 1959 signed by Hatley N. Harrison, Jr. for Louisiana on February 20, 1974, and by Herman H. Forbes, Jr. for Texas, on February 20, 1974, which is in evidence in this case as Texas Exhibit AAA-7, using the federal line as shown along the Sabine River as the boundary except for the former alignments shown in red. These are located in the vicinity of:

    LATITUDE NORTH LONGITUDE WEST

    30ø50'39" 93ø33'37" 30ø45'18" 93ø36'23"

Thence, on the United States Geological Survey Quadrangle Bon Weir, La.-Tex., Edition of 1959 signed by Hatley N. Harrison, Jr. for Louisiana on February 20, 1974, and by Herman H. Forbes, Jr. for Texas, on February 20, 1974, which is in evidence in this case as Texas Exhibit AAA-8, using the federal line as shown along the Sabine River as the boundary [431 U.S. 161, 164]   except for the former alignments shown in red. These are located in the vicinity of:

    LATITUDE NORTH LONGITUDE WEST

    30ø43'27" 93ø36'47" 30ø38'14" 93ø40'40" 30ø34'49" 93ø42'42" 30ø34'40" 93ø43'13" 30ø30'38" 93ø42'28"

Thence, on the United States Geological Survey Quadrangle Starks, La.-Tex. Edition of 1959 (photorevised 1967) and the United States Geological Survey Quadrangle Bessmay, Tex.-La., Edition of 1955, each signed by Hatley N. Harrison, Jr., for Louisiana on February 20, 1974, and by Herman H. Forbes, Jr., for Texas on February 20, 1974, which are in evidence in this case as Texas Exhibits AAA-9 and AAA-10, using the federal line as shown along the Sabine River as the boundary except for the former alignments shown in red. These are located in the vicinity of:

    LATITUDE NORTH LONGITUDE WEST

    30ø23'40" 93ø44'36" 30ø19'17" 93ø45'21" 30ø18'40" 93ø44'37" 30ø16'58" 93ø42'12" 30ø15'25" 93ø42'08"

Thence, on the United States Geological Survey Quadrangle Orange, La.-Tex., Edition of 1960 signed by Hatley N. Harrison, Jr., for Louisiana, on March 29, 1974, and by Herman H. Forbes, Jr., for Texas, on May 20, 1974, which is in evidence in this case as Texas Exhibit AAA-11, using the federal line as shown along the Sabine River as the boundary except for the former alignments shown in red. These are located in the vicinity of:

    LATITUDE NORTH LONGITUDE WEST

    30ø12'11" 93ø42'46" 30ø11'38" 93ø42'33" 30ø06'04" 93ø42'37" 30ø05'09" 93ø43'49" [431 U.S. 161, 165]  

Thence, on the United States Geological Survey Quadrangle, Orangefield, Tex.-La., Edition of 1957 signed by Hatley N. Harrison, Jr., for Louisiana, on February 20, 1974, and by Herman H. Forbes, Jr., for Texas, on February 20, 1974, which is in evidence in this case as Texas Exhibit AAA-12, using the federal line shown along the Sabine River as the boundary to a point on the geographic middle of the Sabine River whose position is Latitude 30ø00'00.000" North and Longitude 93ø46'07.952" West.

And thence, as shown on Exhibit 13, which is in evidence herein, the boundary from the point last mentioned through Middle Pass at the mouth of the Sabine River and through Sabine Lake and Pass to the seaward end of the jetties is defined by straight lines between points in either Louisiana (Lambert) Coordinate System, South Zone, or Texas (Lambert) Coordinate System, South Central Zone, whose geographic positions are as follows:

    Latitude North Longitude West Location

COMMENCE AT 30ø00'00.000" 93ø46'07.952" River THROUGH 29ø59'51.826" 93ø46'09.068" Head of Pass THROUGH 29ø59'47.316" 93ø46'13.110" River THROUGH 29ø59'43.790" 93ø46'18.996" River THROUGH 29ø59'42.357" 93ø46'24.193" River THROUGH 29ø59'41.976" 93ø46'31.407" River THROUGH 29ø59'41.857" 93ø46'36.751" River THROUGH 29ø59'41.098" 93ø46'41.339" River THROUGH 29ø59'36.127" 93ø46'53.104" River THROUGH 29ø59'34.754" 93ø46'57.677" Head of Pass THROUGH 29ø59'13.842" 93ø47'27.465" Middle Pass THROUGH 29ø59'00.673" 93ø47'36.676" Middle Pass THROUGH 29ø58'50.683" 93ø47'43.561" Middle Pass THROUGH 29ø58'43.739" 93ø47'48.469" Upper Sabine Lake THROUGH 29ø58'37.530" 93ø47'54.478" Upper Sabine Lake THROUGH 29ø58'30.922" 93ø48'09.976" Upper Sabine Lake THROUGH 29ø58'03.916" 93ø48'20.679" Upper Sabine Lake THROUGH 29ø56'49.422" 93ø48'31.283" Upper Sabine Lake THROUGH 29ø56'23.803" 93ø48'37.697" Upper Sabine Lake THROUGH 29ø56'19.089" 93ø48'43.491" Upper Sabine Lake THROUGH 29ø56'11.739" 93ø48'47.345" Upper Sabine Lake [431 U.S. 161, 166]   THROUGH 29ø55'57.322" 93ø48'50.454" Upper Sabine Lake THROUGH 29ø55'03.827" 93ø49'04.810" Upper Sabine Lake THROUGH 29ø54'36.973" 93ø49'16.302" Upper Sabine Lake THROUGH 29ø54'04.585" 93ø49'37.656" Upper Sabine Lake THROUGH 29ø53'32.579" 93ø50'03.845" Upper Sabine Lake THROUGH 29ø52'56.560" 93ø50'21.747" Upper Sabine Lake THROUGH 29ø52'39.770" 93ø50'35.039" Upper Sabine Lake THROUGH 29ø52'25.145" 93ø51'09.699" Middle of Sabine Lake THROUGH 29ø51'50.473" 93ø52'07.103" Lower Sabine Lake THROUGH 29ø51'32.542" 93ø52'28.004" Lower Sabine Lake THROUGH 29ø51'15.878" 93ø52'57.568" Lower Sabine Lake THROUGH 29ø51'05.200" 93ø53'19.673" Lower Sabine Lake THROUGH 29ø50'54.303" 93ø53'35.182" Lower Sabine Lake THROUGH 29ø50'18.169" 93ø54'20.311" Lower Sabine Lake THROUGH 29ø49'49.772" 93ø54'49.448" Lower Sabine Lake THROUGH 29ø49'44.849" 93ø54'58.065" Lower Sabine Lake THROUGH 29ø49'37.618" 93ø55'05.771" Lower Sabine Lake THROUGH 29ø49'20.303" 93ø55'20.142" Lower Sabine Lake THROUGH 29ø48'42.959" 93ø55'35.809" Lower Sabine Lake THROUGH 29ø48'18.451" 93ø55'40.759" Lower Sabine Lake THROUGH 29ø47'36.545" 93ø55'39.194" Lower Sabine Lake THROUGH 29ø47'15.758" 93ø55'30.254" Lower Sabine Lake THROUGH 29ø47'05.436" 93ø55'18.919" Lower Sabine Lake THROUGH 29ø46'58.740" 93ø55'01.889" Lower Sabine Lake THROUGH 29ø46'48.210" 93ø54'46.996" Lower Sabine Lake THROUGH 29ø46'36.049" 93ø54'25.832" Lower Sabine Lake THROUGH 29ø46'28.073" 93ø54'13.425" Lower Sabine Lake THROUGH 29ø46'18.585" 93ø53'57.291" Lower Sabine Lake THROUGH 29ø46'06.942" 93ø53'45.018" Sabine Pass THROUGH 29ø45'54.345" 93ø53'30.849" Sabine Pass THROUGH 29ø45'49.978" 93ø53'28.808" Sabine Pass THROUGH 29ø45'38.577" 93ø53'26.928" Sabine Pass THROUGH 29ø45'18.638" 93ø53'33.851" Sabine Pass THROUGH 29ø45'05.648" 93ø53'32.213" Sabine Pass THROUGH 29ø44'54.133" 93ø53'31.124" Sabine Pass THROUGH 29ø44'43.478" 93ø53'28.071" Sabine Pass THROUGH 29ø44'35.209" 93ø53'18.953" Sabine Pass THROUGH 29ø44'31.543" 93ø53'11.427" Sabine Pass THROUGH 29ø44'27.961" 93ø53'02.088" Sabine Pass THROUGH 29ø44'22.581" 93ø52'40.847" Sabine Pass [431 U.S. 161, 167]   THROUGH 29ø44'11.018" 93ø52'03.826" Sabine Pass THROUGH 29ø44'04.304" 93ø51'54.092" Sabine Pass THROUGH 29ø43'54.534" 93ø51'48.229" Sabine Pass THROUGH 29ø43'37.354" 93ø51'40.499" Sabine Pass THROUGH 29ø43'32.000" 93ø51'35.690" Sabine Pass THROUGH 29ø43'16.198" 93ø51'23.209" Sabine Pass THROUGH 29ø43'07.451" 93ø51'24.917" Sabine Pass THROUGH 29ø42'58.535" 93ø51'25.146" Sabine Pass THROUGH 29ø42'52.596" 93ø51'22.444" Sabine Pass THROUGH 29ø42'37.071" 93ø51'08.441" Sabine Pass THROUGH 29ø42'25.303" 93ø51'02.416" Sabine Pass THROUGH 29ø42'17.991" 93ø50'56.448" Sabine Pass THROUGH 29ø42'11.305" 93ø50'52.934" Sabine Pass THROUGH 29ø41'57.311" 93ø50'47.841" Head of Jetties THROUGH 29ø41'15.323" 93ø50'11.722" Jetties TO 29ø38'37.329" 93ø49'30.940" End of Jetties

2. That the offshore lateral boundary between the States of Texas and Louisiana seaward from the point Latitude 29ø38'37.329" North, Longitude 93ø49'30.940" West (end of jetties) is a line running South-Southeasterly from said point on a constant bearing of South 13ø44'45.8" east true to the seaward limit of Louisiana's Submerged Lands Act grant. Texas' historic boundary then continues offshore on the same bearing to the point Latitude 29ø32'06.784" North, Longitude 93ø47'41.699" West. This offshore lateral boundary and the Texas historical boundary are shown upon Exhibit 14 which is in evidence in this case.

3. That the United States holds no title to or interest in any island in the west half of the Sabine River by virtue of that island's continuous existence since 1848, when the western half of that River was part of the territory of the United States, but not part of Texas. Louisiana does not hold title to or interest in any island in the west half of the Sabine River. The United States and Texas do not hold title to or interest in any island in the east half of the Sabine River.

4. That Exhibits 1-14, in evidence herein and above mentioned, be certified by the Special Master as delineating the [431 U.S. 161, 168]   boundary between the State of Texas and the State of Louisiana, from Latitude 32ø North, as defined herein, to the seaward limits of Louisiana's Submerged Land Act grant, and the seaward limits of Texas' historical boundary, as defined herein, and that the State of Louisiana be directed to deposit a copy of these maps, so certified by the Special Master, along with a certified copy of this decree, with the Register of the State Land Office for the State of Louisiana, and that the State of Texas be directed to deposit a set of these maps, so certified by the Special Master, along with a certified copy of this decree, with the Commissioner of the General Land Office of the State of Texas.

5. That the costs be taxed to the parties in accordance with their contribution to the fund established by the Special Master, and that no costs be taxed for the services of the Special Master.

6. That any unexpended funds contributed by the parties to the Special Master for necessary expenses be returned to the parties.

7. That upon such return of funds the Honorable Robert Van Pelt, the Special Master appointed in this cause, will have completed his duties, and is thereupon discharged. [431 U.S. 161, 169]  

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