[235 U.S. 27, 28] Assistant Attorney General Wallace for plaintiff in error.
[235 U.S. 27, 29] No appearance for defendants in error.
Mr. Justice Holmes delivered the opinion of the court:
This is an indictment alleging that an alien woman entered the United States from Great Britain in 1913; that the defendants knowingly harbored her in Denver for the purpose of prostitution, and that they, so knowingly harboring her for that purpose, wilfully failed to file, within thirty days from the date of the commencement of such harboring, with the Commissioner General of Immigration, a statement in writing setting forth her name, the place where she was kept, and the facts as to the date of her entry into the United States, the port through which she entered, her age, nationality, and parentage, and concerning her procuration to come to this country within the knowledge of the defendants. The proceeding is under the act of June 25, 1910, chap. 395, 6, 36 Stat. at L. 825, 827, U. S. Comp. Stat. Supp. 1911, pp. 1343, 1345, which requires every person harboring an alien woman for the above purpose within three years after she shall have entered the United States from any country, [235 U.S. 27, 30] party to the arrangement for the suppression of the white slave traffic, adopted, July 25, 1902, 35 Stat. at L. 1979, to file a statement as aforesaid. A failure to do so is made a misdemeanor, and is punished by fine or imprisonment or both. Great Britain is a party to the arrangement. There was a demurrer to the indictment and it was sustained, as appears by a bill of exceptions, upon the ground set forth in the opinion, that, as the court construed the statute, the above requirement was confined to 'persons who have had to do, directly or indirectly, with the bringing in or sending forth of such women or girls.'
We see no sufficient reason for the limitation thus read into the generality and literal meaning of the words of the act. It is true that persons who have had to do with bringing the alien into the country are more likely than others to know the facts to be stated, and it may be assumed that others are not required to know them at their peril. It is true that the immunity from prosecution under the laws of the United States for any fact truthfully reported which the section grants most obviously applies to those who have taken part in bringing the woman in. But others who have not taken part are very likely to know the facts or some of them, and their knowledge may be of a kind to raise suspicion of guilt under the act. The requirement is that 'every person' harboring a woman as above shall file the statement. It is, and purports to be, in furtherance of the international agreement. That agreement, among other things, is 'to procure, within the limits of the laws, all information of a nature to discover a criminal traffic' (art. 2, 35 Stat. at L. 1982), although, perhaps, those words look more immediately to the points of departure and arrival and the journey. Taken literally the statute required the defendants to file a statement of any of the facts mentioned that were within their knowledge, and to read it otherwise would deprive the government of a [235 U.S. 27, 31] considerable source of information, to no good end that we can perceive.