[228 U.S. 479, 480] Messrs. Samuel H. Richards and Thomas E. French for petitioner.
Messrs. John D. McMullin and Henry F. Stockwell for respondent.
Mr. Justice Day delivered the opinion of the court:
Harvey K. Partridge, trustee in bankruptcy of Benajah D. Andrews, by petition filed in the United States district court for the district of New Jersey, sought to acquire the title to the proceeds of certain insurance policies upon the life of Benajah D. Andrews, bankrupt, deceased, a claim to such proceeds having been made by the executrix of Andrews's estate. An order having been entered in the district court in favor of the executrix, except as to the cash surrender value of the policies, the circuit court of appeals for the third circuit, upon a petition to revise, reversed the decree of the district court, and ordered that the proceeds pass entirely to the trustee. 41 L.R.A.(N.S.) 123, 112 C. C. A. 69, 191 Fed. 325. To review that decree this writ of certiorari was issued.
It appears from the finding of facts by the circuit court of appeals that a petition in involuntary bankruptcy was filed against Andrews on February 3, 1910; that on April 4, 1910, he was adjudicated a bankrupt, and on April 28th of the same year a trustee was elected and qualified. It further appears that Andrews died on February 15, 1910, [228 U.S. 479, 481] having at that time, and at the time of the filing of the petition in bankruptcy, two policies of insurance upon his life, one for $10,000, payable upon his death to his executors, administrators, or assigns, and the other for $5,000, payable upon his death to his estate. At the date of filing the petition in bankruptcy the $10,000 policy had a cash surrender value of $14.93, and was subject to a loan of $4,481.39; and the $5,000 policy had a cash surrender value of $100. Under a stipulation between the trustee and the executrix the net proceeds of the two policies were paid to the trustee, to be held until the title thereto had been determined.
The district court decreed that the trustee was entitled to the cash surrender value of the policies as of the date of the filing of the petition, and that the bankrupt estate had no interest in the balance of the proceeds of the policies. The circuit court of appeals also held that the cash surrender value of the policies must be ascertained as of the date of the filing of the petition in bankruptcy. Construing 70a of the bankruptcy act, it decided, however, that the policies passed to the trustee, subject to the right of the bankrupt to pay or secure to the trustee the cash surrender value of the policies, and to continue to hold and own them, but that this right was extinguished by his death before adjudication.
This case was argued and submitted at the same time as the cases of Burlingham v. Crouse, 228 U.S. 459 , 57 L. ed. --, 33 Sup. Ct. Rep. 564, and Everett v. Judson, 228 U.S. 474 , 57 L. ed. --, 33 Sup. Ct. Rep. 568. An application of the principles therein laid down requires the reversal of the judgment of the Circuit Court of Appeals, and it is accordingly reversed.