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United States Supreme Court


No. 111

Argued:     Decided: April 3, 1911

Messrs. Frederic D. McKenney, John Spalding Flannery, William Hitz, and Thomas D. Mott, Jr., for appellant.

Messrs. N. B. K. Pettingill and F. L. Cornwell for appellees.

Mr. Chief Justice White delivered the opinion of the court:

This record involves the bill filed by Perfecto Blanco in the lower court to enjoin the sale of the property under execution in the case of Fernandez and Perez. It concerns, therefore, the proceedings in the equity cause and the right to reopen the decree entered in the same, which we have just disposed of. As stated in that case, the application for injunction pendente lite in this case was considered by the court along with the request to be allowed [220 U.S. 233, 234]   to appear and defend in the equity cause, made by Perez and Ochoa. When the court temporarily stayed the execution of the judgment, a suggestion was made to counsel by the court that in this case a demurrer be filed to the bill pending the delay which must transpire in considering the subject of the right to enjoin along with, or in connection p*416 with, the right of Perez and Ochoa to appear and defend. When it was concluded that the two latter persons had no such right, and the right to an injunction pendente lite in this case was refused, the reason which controlled the court in refusing to reopen and allow a defense in the equity cause were filed as its reasons for sustaining the demurrer and finally dismissing the bill in this case. As those reasons, however, did not at all concern themselves with the grounds of demurrer separately stated, but solely related to the right to stay, by the process of injunction, the execution of the unsatisfied judgment and the enforcement of the equity decree, we think it plainly results that the decree ren dered in this case must be reversed, because the two dases in the mind of the court were so inseparably united that the error which led the court below to refuse in the other case the right to reopen the cause controlled its action in this.

The decree is therefore reversed and the cause remanded for furthur proceedings not inconsistent with this opinion.

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