United States Supreme Court
MUTUAL LIFE INS. CO. OF NEW YORK v. ALLEN, (1900)
Argued: Decided: May 28, 1900
Messrs. Julien T. Davies, John B. Allen, Edward Lyman Short, and Frederic D. McKenney for petitioner.
Messrs. Stanton Warburton, Harold Preston, Frederick Bausman, John H. Allen, and Jay C. Allen for respondent.
Mr. Justice Brewer delivered the opinion of the court:
This case is, in all material respects, similar to that of Mutual L. Ins. Co. v. Sears, just decided,
178 U.S. 345
, 20 Sup. Ct. Rep. 912, 44 L. ed.--. The answer of the company, which was demurred to, and the demurrer sustained, contained these allegations:
'That neither the said Samuel B. Stewart, nor anyone on his behalf, ever paid, or offered to pay, any premium, or any part of any premium due, or to become due or payable on said policy, save and except the first premium, which was paid upon the delivery of said policy, and which covered the period from the date of said policy until the 18th day of February, 1894. That the said Samuel B. Stewart was at all times advised and informed that default had been made by him in payment of each and every premium, and the whole thereof, due on said policy, subsequent to the said first annual premium paid at the delivery of said policy; and that the said Samuel B. Stewart in his lifetime never paid or offered to pay any
[178 U.S. 351, 352]
premium, or any part of any premium, due upon said policy subsequent to that paid upon the delivery thereof as aforesaid. That it wasex pressly in said policy provided that the insurance thereon was payable to the insured, Samuel B. Stewart, or his assigns; that the said Samuel B. Stewart never made any transfer or assignment of said policy of insurance; that the said defendant entered and noted said policy of insurance upon its books as forfeited and lapsed for failure to pay the annual premium falling due on said policy on said 18th day of February, 1894. That the said Samuel B. Stewart was at all times advised that defendant had so treated said policy as lapsed and forfeited, and notwithstanding said notice, and notwithstanding the said Samuel B. Stewart was at all times advised he had not paid the premium due on said policy February 18, 1894, consented to the forfeiture and termination of said policy of insurance; and with a mutual knowledge and understanding on the part of defendant and said Samuel B. Stewart, the said policy was at all times by the said parties deemed terminated from and after the 18th day of February, 1894; and relying upon such knowedge and mutual understanding, the said defendant never subsequently mailed or served any notice of the due date of premiums to or upon said Samuel B. Stewart during his lifetime; and the said Samuel B. Stewart, at all times knowing that the defendant was treating said policy as forfeited and lapsed, and at all times knowing that he had not paid or tendered payment of any premium upon said policy subsequent to the first annual premium paid as aforesaid on the delivery of said policy, acquiesced in and agreed to the said mutual understanding that the said policy was lapsed and forfeited; and by mutual agreement and consent both the said defendant and said Samuel B. Stewart agreed and consented to the lapsing and forfeiture of said policy of insurance from and after the 18th day of February, 1894.'
From this answer it distinctly appears that Stewart, who was both the insured and the beneficiary, knew when the second annual premium became due, was informed of his default in the matter of payment, and both he and the company agreed to
[178 U.S. 351, 353]
the ending of the contract. Under these circumstances, and without considering any other question, the judgments of the Court of Appeals of the Ninth Circuit and of the Circuit Court of the United States for the District of Washington are reversed, and the case remanded to the latter court, with instructions to overrule the demurrer to the answer of the defendant.
Mr. Justice Peckham did not sit in the hearing, and took no part in the decision of this case.