Charles C. Lancaster, for plaintiff in error.
Asst. Atty. Gen. Boyd, for the United States.
Mr. Chief Justice FULLER delivered the opinion of the court.
This was an indictment for conspiracy, under section 5440 of the Revised Statutes, found by the grand jury 'in the circuit court of the United States for the district of South Carolina begun and holden at Columbia, within and for the district aforesaid, on the fourth Monday of November, in the year of our Lord 1894,' and on motion of the 'United States attorney for the district of South Carolina' was by the circuit court, January 30, 1895, by order entered on its minutes, 'remitted from the circuit court of the United States for the district of South Carolina to the district court of the United States for the Western district of South Carolina.' [169 U.S. 231, 232] At the February term, 1895, of the district court held at Greenville, in the Western district, the district judge presiding, the defendant pleaded not guilty. The cause was tried, defendant was found guilty, and thereupon was sentence to imprisonment and fine. From this judgment a writ of error was prosecuted to this court.
On the trial, defendant raised certain objections presented by exceptions, which are enumerated in a bill of exceptions; by demurrer that the indictment was found in the Eastern district of South Carolina, although the crime was charged to have been committed in the Western district; by preliminary plea 'that the jurors of the grand jury by whom the indictment was found were drawn, summoned, and impaneled from both the Eastern and Western districts of South Carolina, instead of from the Western district of said state alone'; that the indictment was found in the circuit court of the United States for South Carolina, held in the city of Columbia, in the Eastern district of said state, and was remitted to the district court for the Western district of said state, by motion on the close of the testimony for the United States 'that the attorney for the United States be required to elect on which one of the conspiracies he would ask for a conviction,'-that is, of several distinct conspiracies, which the evidence tended to show; by motion in arrest that the grand jurors, who found the indictment, were drawn, summoned, and impaneled from both the districts when the crime was charged to have been committed in one of them; that the indictment was found in the Eastern district at a time when there was no l w authorizing the 'holding any court of the United States for the Western district of South Carolina'; because the indictment was remitted 'not to the district court of the United States for the Eastern district of South Carolina, but to the district court of the Western district of said state.'
The court overruled all these objections, in whatever form presented, and defendant excepted.
Sections 817, 1037, and 1038 of the Revised Statutes are as follows:
No objection was raised that the petit jury by which defendant was tried was not, and it was conceded at the bar that it was, in fact, drawn from the inhabitants of the Western district of the district of South Carolina, and no complaint is preferred in that regard.
We have just decided that the state of South Carolina constitutes but one judicial district, and, this being so, the indictment was properly remitted, in accordance with section 1037, to the next session of the district court of that district, begun and holden on the first Monday of February, 1895, in the Western district of the district.
All other questions have been disposed of adversely to plaintiff in error in the preceding case.