A. J. Dittenhoefer, for appellants.
Stephen H. Olin, for appellee.
Mr. Chief Justice FULLER delivered the opinion of the court.
Daly filed his bill in the circuit court of the United States against George P. Webster and others for the purpose of enjoining and restraining defendants from performing the scene in the play of 'After Dark' known as the 'Railroad Scene,' on the ground that it was an imitation of a similar scene in complainant's play, 'Under the Gaslight,' which complainant alleged he had copyrighted August 1, 1867, under the act of February 3, 1831 (4 Stat. 436); and for an accounting. A motion for a temporary injunction was denied by Judge Wallace June 19, 1889. 39 Fed. 265.
The cause having been heard on pleadings and proofs by Judge Coxe, the former decision was held controlling, and the bill was dismissed. 47 Fed. 903.
Thereupon complainant carried the case to the circuit court of appeals for the Second circuit, and the decree of the circuit court was reversed, and the cause remanded, with instructions to enter the usual decree for account and perpetual injunction. 1 U. S. App. 573, 4 C. C. A. 10, 56 Fed. 483. [163 U.S. 155, 156] The mandate of the circuit court of appeals having been sent down to the circuit court, that court (Judge Lacombe presiding) entered a decree, November 5, 1892, in accordance therewith, for perpetual injunction and costs, and referred the case to a master to take and state an account of the number of unauthorized performances. Proceedings were had under the references, and a report filed January 17, 1893, to which exc ptions were taken, and on April 1, 1893, Judge Lacombe entered a decree overruling the exceptions, confirming the decree, and for costs.
The case was again appealed to the circuit court of appeals, and the decree affirmed June 7, 1893, with costs. 11 U. S. App. 791, 8 C. C. A. 681.
The mandate of the circuit court of appeals was filed in the circuit court June 14, 1893; and that court (Judge Lacombe presiding) entered a decree which, after referring to the appeal and the mandate, continued thus:
July 13, 1893, a petition for the allowance of an appeal was presented on behalf of defendants below, to Judge Lacombe, who had entered the decrees of the circuit court of November 5, 1892, April 1, 1893, and June 14, 1893.
This petition, after setting forth the proceedings in the case, from its commencement, concluded:
On the same day Judge Lacombe entered at the foot of the application, 'The foregoing appeal is allowed,' approved a bond, and signed a citation, on appeal. Among the recitals of the bond was: 'And whereas, the said defendants, George P. Webster and William A. Brady, appealed to the United States circuit court of appeals from the said final decree entered as aforesaid on the first day of April, 1893, which said circuit court of appeals affirmed the said final decree, and on the 7th day of June, 1893, entered its order directing a mandate to issue affirming the said final decree accordingly, [163 U.S. 155, 158] with costs, and a mandate was issued accordingly to the United States circuit court, and an order of t e United States circuit court having been duly made and entered thereon on the 14th day of June, 1893, making the said judgment of the United States circuit court of appeals the judgment of the United States circuit court, and awarding to the said complainant and respondent the sum of thirty and 25/100 ($30.25) dollars costs.'
The citation was preceded by a recital that it was issued by 'one of the judges of the circuit court of the United States for the Southern district of New York, and of the United States court of appeals for the Second circuit,' and stated: 'Whereas, George P. Webster and William A. Brady have appealed to the supreme court of the United States from the decree lately rendered in the circuit court of the United States for the Southern district of New York, made in favor of you, the said Augustin Daly, which decree was affirmed by the United States circuit court of appeals, and the said George P. Webster and William A. Brady have appealed to the said supreme court of the United States from the order and mandate directing an affirmance of the said decree, and from the decree entered in accordance with the said order and mandate, and filed the security required by law.'
These papers, together with an assignment of error, were filed in the circuit court.
Thereafter, and on August 9, 1893, the record was certified by the clerk of the circuit court, under the seal thereof, 'to contain a true and complete transcript of the record and proceedings had in said court in the case of Augustin Daly, Complainant and Appellee, against George P. Webster and William A. Brady, Defendants and Appellants, as the same remains of record and on file in said office.'
This record embraces the pleadings, evidence, master's report, orders, decrees, and proceedings in the circuit court, and the two mandates from the circuit court of appeals, and necessarily does not contain the proceedings in, and judgments of, the latter court. It does not appear, and is [163 U.S. 155, 159] not contended, that that court ever entered any order allowing an appeal, or that any application and allowance were ever filed therein.
The record was filed in this court August 13, 1893, and the cause docketed as an appeal from the circuit court.
The result of all this clearly is that the pending appeal is not an appeal from the circuit court of appeals, and is an appeal from the circuit court.
But under the fifth section of the judiciary act of March 3, 1891, appeals will not lie directly to this court, except in cases falling within one or the other of the classes of cases therein enumerated, and the case before us is not one of them.
By the sixth section, appeals may be taken from the circuit court of appeals to this court in all cases in which the judgments and decrees of that court are not therein made final, where the matter in controversy exceeds $1,000, besides costs, and copyright cases are such cases. But this is not an appeal from the circuit court of appeals. Our appellate jurisdiction is defined by that act, and we cannot maintain jurisdiction to review the judgments and decrees of the circuit courts, except as therein prescribed. It does not help the matter that the circuit courts may, by the form of their entries, make the judgments and decrees of the circuit courts of appeals their judgments and decrees. We cannot revise the judgments and decrees of the appellate tribunals, except when brought before us by appeal therefrom, writ of error thereto, or by certiorari.
Mr. Justice BREWER and Mr. Justice PECKHAM did not hear the argument, and took no part in the decision of this case.