AXEL CRESPO GUTIERREZ v. ANA MARIA RESENDIZ RAMIREZ ANA ANTONIO RESENDIZ AURORA ANTONIO RESENDIZ UNITED STATES CITIZENSHIP AND IMMIGRATION SERVICE

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United States Court of Appeals, Tenth Circuit.

AXEL CRESPO-GUTIERREZ, Plaintiff - Appellant, v. ANA MARIA RESENDIZ RAMIREZ; ANA L. ANTONIO RESENDIZ; AURORA E. ANTONIO RESENDIZ; UNITED STATES CITIZENSHIP AND IMMIGRATION SERVICE, Defendants - Appellees.

No. 16-1428

    Decided: June 23, 2017

Before HARTZ, HOLMES, and BACHARACH, Circuit Judges.

ORDER AND JUDGMENT*

Plaintiff Axel Crespo-Gutierrez, a Colorado prisoner proceeding pro se, appeals from an order of the United States District Court for the District of Colorado dismissing his amended complaint. The amended complaint raised several claims against Ana Maria Resendiz Ramirez, her two daughters, and the United States Citizenship and Immigration Service. On appeal, however, Plaintiff challenges only the dismissal of his fraud and unjust-enrichment claims against Ms. Ramirez and her daughters. The district court ruled that the claims were untimely. Plaintiff complains that the district court failed to grant him equitable tolling to extend his time to file his complaint. Exercising jurisdiction under 28 U.S.C. ยง 1291, we affirm.

The essence of the fraud and unjust-enrichment claims is that Ms. Ramirez, a Mexican citizen, misrepresented to Plaintiff that she was unmarried and thereby tricked him into marrying her so that she and her daughters could live legally in the United States. The four lived together as a family from 2000 until 2006. In January 2006, Ms. Ramirez revealed that she was legally married to a man in Mexico. Plaintiff asked her for a divorce, and a few months later he rescinded his sponsorship of the three women for naturalization.

Plaintiff does not dispute the district court's rulings that his claims accrued in 2006, that the limitations period for both claims is three years, and that he did not file suit on the claims until 2016. He complains, however, that he should have been granted equitable tolling on his claims because he was not able to obtain official documentation of Ms. Ramirez's marriage in Mexico until 2014 and because Ms. Ramirez and her daughters concealed their whereabouts from him.

The district court's order denying Plaintiff's motion to reconsider thoroughly explains why he was not entitled to equitable tolling. We affirm its decision on the limitations issues for essentially the reasons stated in its opinion.

The judgment below is AFFIRMED. Mr. Crespo-Gutierrez's motion for leave to proceed in forma pauperis is DENIED.

Entered for the Court

Harris L Hartz Circuit Judge

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