STATE of Oregon, Plaintiff–Respondent, v. Mickey Allen RICH, Defendant–Appellant.
Defendant was convicted of driving under the influence of intoxicants (DUII), ORS 813.010(5), after a jury trial.1 At trial, the court gave Uniform Criminal Jury Instruction 2708 (the Miles instruction), which informs the jury that a defendant whose physical condition makes that defendant more susceptible to the influence of alcohol than he or she would otherwise be is nevertheless under the influence of intoxicants. See State v. Miles, 8 Or.App. 189, 492 P.2d 497 (1972). Although defendant objected to the giving of the Miles instruction, the court reasoned that the instruction was justified because defendant informed law enforcement officers at the time of his arrest that he had taken pain medication for a bad knee. On appeal, defendant asserts that the trial court erred in giving the Miles instruction under the circumstances presented here.
We have held that “there must be evidence that the defendant's condition made him more susceptible to the influence of alcohol before the trial court may give a Miles instruction.” State v. Gibbs, 193 Or.App. 296, 297, 89 P.3d 1215 (2004) (citing State v. Huck, 100 Or.App. 193, 197, 785 P.2d 785 (1990)). The state concedes that, here, “there was no evidence from which the jury could find that defendant's physical condition exacerbated the effects of alcohol” because evidence that defendant took pain medication for a bad knee was insufficient, without more, for the jury to make such an inference. Thus, the trial court should not have given the instruction and the case must be reversed and remanded for a new trial. See State v. Curtis, 182 Or.App. 166, 170, 47 P.3d 929, rev den, 335 Or. 104, 59 P.3d 1279 (2002) (reversing and remanding for new trial where the trial court erroneously gave a Miles instruction). We agree, and accept the state's concession. Therefore, the DUII conviction must be reversed and remanded.
DUII conviction reversed and remanded; remanded for resentencing; otherwise affirmed.
1. Defendant was also convicted, based on a guilty verdict, of driving while suspended, ORS 811.182, and, based on a no-contest plea, of reckless driving, ORS 811.140. He does not challenge either of those convictions on appeal.