A. Richard PARKOFF, appellant, v. Averim STAVSKY, et al., respondents.
-- August 28, 2013
Jonathan L. Trestyn, Great Neck, N.Y., for appellant.Montfort, Healy, McGuire & Salley, Garden City, N.Y. (Donald S. Neumann, Jr., of counsel), for respondents.
In an action to recover damages for injury to personal property, the plaintiff appeals from an order of the Supreme Court, Nassau County (Brown, J.), entered February 3, 2012, which granted the defendants' motion to dismiss the amended complaint pursuant to CPLR 3211(a)(1), (5), and (7).
ORDERED that the order is affirmed, with costs.
On June 16, 2011, the defendant Shira Gabrielle Stavsky was operating a vehicle owned by the defendant Averim Stavsky, when she collided with a vehicle owned by the plaintiff. The plaintiff's vehicle, a 2011 Mercedes–Benz E550 two-door convertible with 398 miles on the odometer, was damaged as a result of the collision. It is uncontested that the plaintiff was compensated in full for the cost of repairing his vehicle by his insurer, which, in turn, was reimbursed by the defendants' insurer as subrogee of the plaintiff.
In this action, the plaintiff seeks to recover damages for the difference in the market value of his vehicle immediately before the accident and immediately after his vehicle was repaired, claiming that even after his vehicle was repaired, the resale value was diminished since a “Carfax” report is now available on the vehicle indicating that it was involved in a serious accident. The defendants moved to dismiss the amended complaint pursuant to CPLR 3211(a)(1), (5), and (7), and the Supreme Court granted the motion.
A motion pursuant to CPLR 3211(a)(1) to dismiss a complaint on the ground that a defense is founded on documentary evidence may be appropriately granted only where the documentary evidence utterly refutes the plaintiff's factual allegations, conclusively establishing a defense as a matter of law (see Goshen v. Mutual Life Ins. Co. of N.Y., 98 N.Y.2d 314, 326, 746 N.Y.S.2d 858, 774 N.E.2d 1190; Leon v. Martinez, 84 N.Y.2d 83, 88, 614 N.Y.S.2d 972, 638 N.E.2d 511). A motion pursuant to CPLR 3211(a)(5) to dismiss a complaint on the ground of payment may be granted where the documentary evidence establishes the defense of payment as a matter of law (see Ragins v. Hospitals Ins. Co., Inc., 96 A.D.3d 819, 821, 947 N.Y.S.2d 136, lv granted 20 N.Y.3d 853). “On a motion to dismiss the complaint pursuant to CPLR 3211(a)(7) for failure to state a cause of action, the court must afford the pleading a liberal construction, accept all facts as alleged in the pleading to be true, accord the plaintiff the benefit of every possible inference, and determine only whether the facts as alleged fit within any cognizable legal theory” (Breytman v. Olinville Realty, LLC, 54 A.D.3d 703, 703–704, 864 N.Y.S.2d 70; see Leon v. Martinez, 84 N.Y.2d at 87, 614 N.Y.S.2d 972, 638 N.E.2d 511; Felix v. Thomas R. Stachecki Gen. Contr., LLC, 107 A.D.3d 664, 966 N.Y.S.2d 494).
Here, the Supreme Court properly granted the defendants' motion to dismiss the amended complaint pursuant to CPLR 3211(a)(1), (5), and (7). The defendants established that the plaintiff has no cause of action to recover the damages he seeks herein. “The measure of damages for injury to property resulting from negligence is the difference in the market value immediately before and immediately after the accident, or the reasonable cost of repairs necessary to restore it to its former condition, whichever is the lesser” (Johnson v. Scholz, 276 App.Div. 163, 164, 93 N.Y.S.2d 334; see Fisher v. Qualico Contr. Corp., 98 N.Y.2d 534, 539–540, 749 N.Y.S.2d 467, 779 N.E.2d 178; Gass v. Agate Ice Cream, Inc., 264 N.Y. 141, 143–144, 190 N.E. 323; Hartshorn v. Chaddock, 135 N.Y. 116, 122, 31 N.E. 997; Babbitt v. Maraia, 157 A.D.2d 691, 549 N.Y.S.2d 791; see also PJI 2:311). “Where the repairs do not restore the property to its condition before the accident, the difference in market value immediately before the accident and after the repairs have been made may be added to the cost of repairs” (Johnson v. Scholz, 276 App.Div. at 165, 93 N.Y.S.2d 334; see Melohn v. R & M Combustion Co., 296 A.D.2d 323, 324, 744 N.Y.S.2d 321). However, where, as here, there is no dispute that the repairs fully restored the vehicle to its condition before the accident, and the only basis of the claim made by the plaintiff for the difference in value immediately before and immediately after the accident is not that his automobile could not be fully repaired, but, rather, that after repair the resale value would be diminished because the car had been in an accident, “the diminution in resale value is not to be taken into account” (Johnson v. Scholz, 276 App.Div. at 165, 93 N.Y.S.2d 334; see Howe v. Johnston, 220 App.Div. 170, 171, 221 N.Y.S. 516).