PATRICK v. BUTTS

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Court of Appeals of Indiana.

George PATRICK, Appellant–Petitioner, v. Keith BUTTS, Superintendent, State of Indiana and Indiana Parole Board, Appellees–Respondents.

No. 33A04–1311–MI–577.

Decided: June 18, 2014

George Patrick, New Castle, IN, Appellant pro se. Gregory F. Zoeller, Attorney General of Indiana, Kyle Hunter, Deputy Attorney General, Indianapolis, IN, for Attorneys for Appellees.

OPINION

George Patrick argues an order he participate in the Sex Offender Management and Monitoring (“SOMM”) program violated his constitutional right against self-incrimination1 and Indiana's prohibition of ex post facto laws. He asserts the denial of his petition for writ of habeas corpus was therefore error.

We affirm.

FACTS AND PROCEDURAL HISTORY

Patrick was found guilty in 1991 of two counts of Class B felony rape and two counts of Class C felony criminal confinement and was sentenced to thirty-two years. He was released to parole in 2007. His parole was apparently revoked, and he filed a Petition for Writ of State Habeas Corpus Relief. He asserted his parole was revoked “due to his involuntary termination [sic] SOMM participation as a result of his special sex offender stipulations as a condition of his parole.” (App. at 3.) The trial court denied his petition.

DISCUSSION AND DECISION

The order that Patrick participate in the SOMM program does not violate the ex post facto clause of the Indiana Constitution. Generally, the ex post facto clause prohibits the State from enacting a law that imposes a punishment for an act that was not punishable when it was committed or imposes additional punishment to that then prescribed. Gomez v. State, 907 N.E.2d 607, 610 (Ind.Ct.App.2009), trans. denied. But these prohibitions do not give a criminal a right to be tried, in all respects, by the law in force when the crime charged was committed. Id. The clause is not designed to limit legislative control of remedies and modes of procedure that do not affect matters of substance. Id. Although it may work to the disadvantage of a defendant, a procedural change is not ex post facto. Id. A statutory revision is procedural in nature for purposes of the ex post facto doctrine, and may be applied to crimes committed before the effective date, if it does not change the elements of a crime or enlarge its punishment. Id.

Patrick argues participation in the SOMM program is similar to the requirement to register as a sex offender, which cannot be imposed on persons convicted before the requirement was passed into law. See, e.g., Wallace v. State, 905 N.E.2d 371, 384 (Ind.2007), reh'g denied. Wallace does not control.

The Parole Board is allowed to impose conditions that are “reasonably related to the parolee's successful reintegration into the community,” Ind.Code § 11–13–3–4–(b), and that subsection was in place when Patrick was convicted. Our Supreme Court has found that the SOMM program “is a valuable tool aimed at the legitimate purpose of rehabilitating sex offenders before they are fully released from State control.” Bleeke v. Lemmon, 6 N.E.3d 907, 940 (Ind.2014). As the Parole Board's authority to impose conditions on parole is not limited by the date on which the program was created, but rather is limited by the program's ability to help reintegrate the parolee into society, the order that Patrick participate in SOMM does not violate the ex post facto clause.

We affirm.

FOOTNOTES

1.  Our Supreme Court recently held participation in the SOMM program did not violate a defendant's right against self-incrimination. Bleeke v. Lemmon, 6 N.E.3d 907 (Ind.2014). We therefore need not address that specific allegation of error.

MAY, Judge.

KIRSCH, J., and BAILEY, J., concur.

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