DAVIS v. STATE

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Court of Appeals of Georgia.

DAVIS v. The STATE.

No. A13A2453.

Decided: January 16, 2014

Lisamarie Nellyn Bristol, for Davis. James V. Chafin, Kenneth W. Mauldin, for the State.

In connection with a home invasion during which the intruder threatened the house-sitter with a gun, Freddie Lamar Davis was charged with burglary,1 aggravated assault,2 possession of a firearm during the commission of the aggravated assault,3 and possession of a firearm by a convicted felon.4 After rejecting several plea offers, Davis proceeded to a bifurcated jury trial and was convicted of all four charges.5 In this appeal, Davis contends that the trial court erred by denying his motion for new trial, which, as amended, asserted a claim of ineffective assistance of counsel. Because the record reveals no reversible error, we affirm.

1. Viewed to support the prosecution,6 the trial evidence showed the following. At about 8:00 p.m. on February 27, 2009, while the owners of the home in question were away on vacation, their house-sitter returned to the residence to discover an intruder inside. Startled, the house-sitter quickly exited the house and summoned police, but soon encountered the man again outside the house. The man flashed a gun and said to the house-sitter, “I'll shoot you.” The house-sitter fled on foot, and the man disappeared into the night. When the police arrived moments later, the house-sitter identified Davis (whom the house-sitter had known for over twenty years) as the intruder who had threatened him at gunpoint; and an investigation of the premises revealed that a back window had been shattered. At trial, the house-sitter again identified Davis as the intruder who had threatened him at gunpoint.

Davis took the stand, denied all charges, and gave testimony placing him elsewhere with his son and/or live-in girlfriend at the time of the home invasion. To buttress his defense, Davis called his girlfriend as a witness. She testified that on the evening in question, Davis was with her at their home until he left with his son.

After the jury found Davis guilty of burglary, aggravated assault, and possession of a firearm during the commission of the aggravated assault, the state presented evidence that Davis had been convicted of a felony in 1999. Thereafter, the jury found Davis guilty of possession of a firearm by a convicted felon.

As Davis concedes on appeal, the state's evidence as to all counts of the indictment satisfied the sufficiency standard under Jackson v. Virginia.7

2. Citing Strickland v. Washington,8 Davis maintains that, during the plea bargaining process, his trial lawyer rendered ineffective assistance of counsel. According to Davis, the lawyer failed to adequately inform him of the consequences he would face if found guilty of the charges. Davis acknowledges that he received and rejected three plea offers, the last of which was an eight-year probated sentence, but claims that his trial lawyer failed to advise him of the maximum sentence of confinement he could face if found guilty of the charges. And without that information, Davis posits, his rejection of any plea offer was not informed, and hence, not valid.

“The two-part test of Strickland v. Washington ordinarily applies to claims of ineffective assistance of counsel in the plea process.”9 “In order to prevail on such a claim, a defendant must show that his trial counsel's performance fell below an objective standard of reasonableness, and that the deficiency prejudiced the defense.”10 Because under Strickland, a defendant “claiming ineffective assistance of counsel must show both deficient performance and actual prejudice stemming from that deficiency, an insufficient showing on either of these prongs relieves the reviewing court of the need to address the other prong.”11 “In reviewing the trial court's decision [regarding a claim of ineffective assistance of counsel], we accept the trial court's factual findings and credibility determinations unless clearly erroneous, but we independently apply the legal principles to the facts.”12

The sole witness at the hearing on the motion for new trial was Davis's trial lawyer. He recounted that Davis had rejected earlier plea offers that included confinement, as well as the final plea offer of an eight-year probated sentence. The lawyer was asked about his pretrial discussions with Davis concerning the plea offers, and the lawyer answered,

[W]hen I discussed that with Mr. Davis he was pretty adamant that he wasn't guilty of the charges and wanted a trial, and after we spent some more time discussing the case, ․ I felt that he had a good defense. Everything that he was telling me about the case, the witnesses he had,[13] led me to believe that it was a—it was a case that could go to a jury․ [B]ased on everything I'd heard, I believed in what Mr. Davis was telling me. His story, like I said, sounded credible․ It's a coherent version of events.

The lawyer was specifically asked whether, in discussing any plea offer, he told Davis about the maximum sentence he could face upon a guilty verdict. The lawyer replied, “I can't specifically recollect discussing those specifics, but I think that in the discussion of the trial and communicating the plea offer, there was the possibility—I did communicate the possibility of confinement if he was convicted, but that wasn't something—we were focused on the trial.”

However, even assuming that Davis's trial lawyer rendered deficient performance as Davis alleged,14 Davis failed to satisfy Strickland's prejudice prong. Where, as here, the defendant's complaint is that he went to trial instead of pleading guilty because of counsel's deficient representation, “the proper question at the prejudice step is whether [the defendant] demonstrated that, but for counsel's deficient performance, there is a reasonable probability that he would have accepted the State's plea offer.”15

In his brief, “[Davis] argues that the prejudice should be presumed based on [his] lack of information.” Davis also argues that the requisite prejudice was shown “based on the disparity between the plea offer (an eight year probated sentence) and the maximum sentence allowed by law (50 years confinement [according to Davis's post-conviction lawyer's calculation made during the hearing16 ] ).” But the Supreme Court of Georgia has expressly rejected the adoption of a bright-line rule for satisfying Strickland's prejudice prong “such as presuming the defendant would have accepted any plea offer more favorable than the eventual outcome of the trial.”17 Consequently, Davis's arguments are unavailing; and Davis has cited no evidence to support a finding that, but for his trial counsel's deficient performance, there is a reasonable probability that he would have accepted a plea offer.18

Indeed, as noted, the record supports the opposite conclusion, in that the only evidence before the court considering the motion for new trial, as amended, suggested that [Davis] was not interested in further pursuing attempts to resolve his case with a plea bargain and was determined to go to trial. Simply, [Davis] has failed to carry his burden under Strickland v. Washington.19

Judgment affirmed.

PHIPPS, Chief Judge.

ELLINGTON, P.J., and BRANCH, J., concur.

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